Geographical names questionsThis is a list of recently added questions about geographical names.
The southernmost tip of Africa is named the Cape of Good Hope. A hope for what?
christening of Africa
sea route to India
Bartolomeu Dias originally named the Cape of Good Hope the "Cape of Storms" (Cabo das Tormentas). It was later renamed (by King John II of Portugal) the Cape of Good Hope because it represented the opening of a route to the east.
What do Finns call the Baltic Sea?
In all Germanic languages except English the Baltic Sea is called "East Sea" - this includes German (Ostsee), Dutch (Oostzee) and all Scandinavian languages. The name has been used since the Viking age, and was also adopted (through Swedish) into Finnish language, disregarding the geography (the sea is west of Finland).
Tristan da Cunha is the most remote inhabited archipelago in the world. Who discovered it?
Tristan da Cunha
Tristan da Cunha lies in the south Atlantic Ocean, 2,816 kilometers (1,750 mi) from the nearest land, South Afric. In 1816 the United Kingdom formally annexed the islands, to ensure that the French would be unable to use the islands as a base for a rescue operation to free Napoleon Bonaparte from his prison in Saint Helena. Today, the main island has a permanent population of 275.
After whom is Queen Maud Land in Antarctica named?
Mythical queen of the Amazons
Queen Maud Land was the first part of Antarctica to be sighted. The name was initially applied in January 1930 to the land discovered by Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen and Finn Lützow-Holm during Norvegia expedition of 1929–30. It was named after the Norwegian Queen Maud of Wales, wife of the then-reigning King Haakon VII.
Where does the name K2 come from?
name of Polish climber - Jerzy Kukuczka
the fact it's second in height in the world
name of the Karakoram Range
the name "King George II"
The name K2 is derived from the notation used by the Great Trigonometric Survey. Thomas Montgomerie numbered the most prominent peaks of Kararkoram K1 to K35. Next, these were replaced by local names, but K2 appeared not to have acquired a local name, possibly due to its remoteness.
What did the first Spanish conquerors expect to find in Argentina?
The country name is derived from the Latin argentum (silver - Ag). La Plata Basin (literally "Silver river") does not have any sources of silver, but the first Spaniards arrived to the area following rumors of the existence of silver mountains.
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