Top 10 20th century facts Selected as the most interesting among 20th century related questions in 20th century quiz How was the Berlin Wall officially called in the German Democratic Republic?Anti-fascist Protection Rampart. The name implied that West Germany had not been fully de-Nazified. Before the Wall's erection, 3.5 million East Germans defected from the GDR. Between 1961 and 1989, the wall prevented almost all such emigration.Created by: KasiaBerlin facts » What spectacular achievement of young Stalin boosted his career among Bolsheviks?Bank robbery. Before the Russian Revolution, Communist paramilitaries were often raising money through robberies and ransom kidnappings. Particularly notable was the 1907 Tiflis bank robbery, in which Stalin participated (playing minor role). The robbery resulted in 40 deaths and the theft of 341,000 rubles (equivalent to around US $3.4 million today).Created by: Luca Biaggicrime facts » Which major German company was founded by the Nazis?Volkswagen was founded on 28 May 1937 as the "Society for the preparation of the German People's Car", by the Nazi German Labor Front. The purpose of the company was to manufacture "people's car" Volkswagen Beetle.Created by: KasiaNazis facts » On May 8, 1902, Ascension Day, all inhabitants of Saint-Pierre, the major city in Martinique, have died. Only two survived. What happened?Volcano eruption. The city was covered with pyroclastic flow, consisting of superheated steam and volcanic gases, with temperatures exceeding 1,075 °C (1,967 °F). One of the survivors was held in an underground cell in the town's jail.Created by: globalquiz.orgdisasters facts » Which country took part in the largest naval conflict since World War II? United Kingdom. The Falklands War was the largest naval conflict after 1945. All other major wars after World War II (Korea, Vietnam, Iraq etc.) were fought on land.Created by: Kinga Hnaval warfare facts » What was the only country one in Europe to violently overthrow its communist regime?Romania. Ceaușescu’s regime collapsed after he ordered his security forces to fire on antigovernment demonstrators in the city of Timișoara on December 17, 1989. The demonstrations spread to Bucharest. Ceaușescu fled the capital in a helicopter but was captured by the armed forces. Three days later he got executed after a brief trial.Created by: globalquiz.orgcommunism facts » Which Muslim country was the first to elect woman to head of government?Pakistan. Noted for her charismatic authority, Benazir Bhutto was nicknamed "Iron Lady" because of her hard line against the trade unions and tough rhetorical opposition to her rivals. In 1988, she became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state. Created by: Teddyrulers facts » What nationality was Stalin?Georgian. Stalin's original Georgian name was "Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili". The surname means son of Juga, and is derived from Georgian djuga, meaning "steel". This later became the root of his adopted name "Stalin", from the Russian word for "steel".Created by: globalquiz.orgGeorgia facts » Which part of Europe was affected by the worst famine in the 20th century?Ukraine. The Holodomor was a man-made famine in the Ukrainian SR in 1932-1933. It was caused mostly by bad economic policies. Many believe that the destruction of the Ukrainian peasantry was premeditated on the part of Joseph Stalin and consider Holodomor a genocide comparable to Holocaust. Between 2 and 5 million people starved to death despite the fact that Ukrainian lands are among the most fertile in the World.Created by: ex-terminatorSoviet Union facts » On August 23, 1989 approximately two million people joined their hands to form a human chain spanning over 600 kilometres (370 mi). Where did it happen?In Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The demonstration called The Baltic Way marked the 50th anniversary of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany (which divided Eastern Europe into spheres of influence and led to the occupation of the Baltic states in 1940). The chain connected the three Baltic capitals – Vilnius, Riga, and Tallinn. Video footage taken from airplanes and helicopters showed an almost continuous line of people across the countryside. Few months later all three republics declared independence.Created by: globalquiz.orgEstonia facts » Play 20th century quiz and see all the questions.