Top 10 Africa factsAfrica quiz
Where in the world does slavery still occur at the largest scale?
In Mauritania. Today up to 600,000 Mauritanians, or 20% of the population, are still enslaved, mainly the "black Moors" of Haratin people. Though legally abolished in 1981, slavery did not become a crime until 2007, and since then only one person has been prosecuted for owning slaves. The issue of slavery is still powerful theme in the country's political debate.
Okavango river is famous for its biologically rich delta. What is the river's outlet?
It doesn't have an outlet to the sea. Discharging to an endorheic basin, the Okavango does not have an outlet to the sea. Instead, it empties into a swamp in the Kalahari Desert, known as the Okavango Delta or Okavango Alluvial Fan.
Which country other than USA named its capital after the president of the United States?
Liberia was created in 1847 by freed slaves from the United States. They established a government modelled on that of the United States and named its capital city, Monrovia after James Monroe, a prominent supporter of the colonization.
What is the most populous French-speaking country?
Democratic Republic of the Congo. The population of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is 77 million. The population of France is 66 million, Canada - 35 million, Madagascar - 24 million.
The southernmost tip of Africa is named the Cape of Good Hope. A hope for what?
Sea route to India. Bartolomeu Dias originally named the Cape of Good Hope the "Cape of Storms" (Cabo das Tormentas). It was later renamed (by King John II of Portugal) the Cape of Good Hope because it represented the opening of a route to the east.
What is the main feeding behaviour of hyenas?
Hunting. Hyenas have long been regarded as being cowardly scavengers. Today they are known for killing as many as 95% of the animals they eat, and for driving off leopards or lionesses from their kills.
This is Haile Selassie, former emperor of Ethiopia. Who is he claimed to be a descendant of?
King Solomon. The House of Solomon was the former Imperial House of Ethiopia. Its members claim lineal descent from Solomon of Israel and the Queen of Sheba, the latter of whom tradition asserts gave birth to Menelik I after her Biblically described visit to Solomon in Jerusalem. These claims of Solomonic descent make the Ethiopian royal house among the two oldest in the world (the other being the Imperial Dynasty of Japan)
During the whole history, where were most of slaves from Africa taken to?
Arabia. Slavery had long been practiced in Africa. Between the 7th and 20th centuries, the Arab slave trade (also known as slavery in the East) took 18 million slaves from Africa via trans-Saharan and Indian Ocean routes. Between the 15th and the 19th centuries, the Atlantic slave trade took an estimated 7–12 million slaves to the New World.
How Haile Selassie was known before his coronation as Emperor of Ethiopia in 1930?
Ras Tafari. Haile Selassie was born as Tafari Makonnen Woldemikael. As Governor of Harer, he became known as Ras Tafari Makonnen (Ras means Duke). Among the Rastafari movement, which began in Jamaica in 1930s, Haile Selassie is revered as the returned messiah of the Bible, God incarnate. Currently, the movement has between 200,000 and 800,000 followers worldwide.
Which desert has this famous "eye"?
Sahara. The Richat Structure in Mauritania, also known as the Eye of the Sahara, was interpreted as an asteroid impact structure, but no evidence of shock metamorphism has been found. Today, scientists believe that it is a huge (40 km in diameter) and deeply eroded geologic dome.