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Phoenician alphabet was the first to use ... Symbols representing sounds .
The names of the letters are acrophonic, and their names and shapes can be ultimately traced back to Egyptian Hieroglyphs. For example, the name of the first letter, 'aleph, means ox and developed from a picture of an ox's head. Some of the letter names were changed by the Phoenicians, including gimel, which meant camel in Phoenician, but was originally a picture of a throwing stick.
Where was the Cyrillic script created? In Bulgaria.
The Cyrillic script was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire during the 9th century AD at the Preslav Literary School. Tradition holds that it was formalized by Saints Cyril and Methodius, who brought Christianity to the southern Slavs (and so the name is derived from Saint Cyril).
Which punctuation marks are particularly variable across European languages? Quotation marks.
English ‘cat’ or “cat” is translated to French « chat » and German „katze“. Other countries typically use one of these styles. In many countries, English quotation marks are getting more and more popular due to widespread of English keyboards.
What kind of script is this 'graffiti', carved in Hagia Sophia in Constantinople around 9th century? Viking runes.
Constantinople, called Miklagard by Vikings, hosted thousands of Vikings and Anglo-Saxons, who served as mercenaries of the Varangian Guard. They were famed for their battlefield skills and fierce, loyalty and drinking. They often fought for the Byzantine Empire, including fights with Arabs.
How many Kanji symbols are in official use in Japan? 1945.
The Kanji symbols are ancient and many are not used any more, though still valid. Therefore, Japanese Government specifies the "General Use Permanent Kanji", comprising 1945 characters, or which 996 are designated as to be learned in elementary school. Any publications using Kanji outside of this list are legally required to print the interpretation alongside the obscure Kanji symbol for clarification.