Top 10 aviation factsAviation quiz
Which country continued production of Messerschmitt Bf 109G after the end of World War II?
Czechoslovakia. Avia S-99 and Avia S-199 were constructed with parts and plans left over from Luftwaffe aircraft production that had taken place under the country's German occupation during the war. Avia S-199 was the first fighter plane of Israeli Air Force, used during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War - where it met Spitfires on the Egyptian side.
17th January 1966 an American plane crashed near the Spanish village of Palomares. What was the valuable cargo?
Four thermonuclear bombs. The 1966 Palomares B-52 crash, or the Palomares incident, occurred when a B-52G bomber of the United States Air Force's Strategic Air Command collided with a KC-135 tanker during mid-air refuelling at 31,000 feet (9,450 m) over the Mediterranean Sea. Of the four Mk28-type hydrogen bombs the B-52G carried, three were found on land, and one in the sea. The non-nuclear explosives in two of the weapons detonated upon impact with the ground, resulting in the contamination of a 2-square-kilometer (490-acre) area by plutonium.
Which company produced the world's first commercial jet airliner?
De Havilland. English-made de Havilland DH 106 Comet was introduced in 1952 by British Airways. A year after, Comet airframes began suffering catastrophic metal fatigue, with three of them tearing apart during mid-flight.
The first rocket planes ever to be mass-produced were the Messerschmitt Me 163 in 1944. Which other country used rocket planes during WW2?
Japan. The MXY-7 Navy Suicide Attacker Ohka (pictured) was a manned flying bomb that was usually carried underneath a Mitsubishi G4M2e "Betty" Model 24J bomber to within range of its target; on release, the pilot would first glide towards the target and when close enough he would fire the Ohka's three solid-fuel rockets. The Japanese produced approximately 850 Ohkas, and seven US ships were damaged or sunk by them throughout the war.
The French Open tennis tournament is named after aviator Roland-Garros. What did he do?
He flew across the Mediterranean Sea. Roland Garros gained fame for making the flight from Fréjus in France to Bizerte in Tunisia. The following year, Garros joined the French army at the outbreak of World War I. Garros is sometimes erroneously called the world's first fighter ace. In fact, he shot down only four aircraft; the definition of "ace" is five or more victories.
In which war did jet aircraft fight each other for the first time?
Korean War. For the initial months of the war, the P-80 Shooting Star, F9F Panther, and other jets under the UN flag dominated North Korea's prop-driven air force. The Chinese intervention in late October 1950 brought MiG-15 Fagot to battle, one of the world's most advanced jet fighters. MiGs were often steered by well trained Soviet pilots, so the aerial warfare continued till the end of the war.
What is the busiest airport in the world? (by number of passengers)
Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport. Hartsfield–Jackson, is an international airport located 11 km south of Atlanta's central business district, in the U.S. state of Georgia. In 2012 it was the busiest airport in the world accommodating 100 million passengers (more than 260,000 passengers daily) and 950,119 flights.
Why are gliders almost always painted white?
To reduce solar heating. Since fiberglass resin softens at high temperatures, white is used almost universally to reduce the temperature rise caused by solar heating. Less popular non-fiberglass gliders (those made of aluminum and wood) can be painted any color.