geography of Turkey facts Selected as the most interesting among Turkey related questions in Turkey quiz Which major city is that?Istanbul. The city is easily recognizable due to Bosphorus strait dividing it into two parts located on different continents. Istambul's commercial and historical center is situated in Europe, while one third of its population live in Asia.Created by: Kasiasatellite images facts » What was the first name of Istanbul?Byzantium. In 660 BC, the city was founded as the colony of Megara and named to honour its king Byzas. In 324 AD, Constantine the Great made it an eastern capital of Roman Empire. The city was then renamed Nea Roma; however, most simply called it Constantinople.Created by: Kasiahistory of Turkey facts » Where was this photo taken?In Cappadocia. Cappadocia is a historical region in Central Anatolia (Turkey). Despite lack of sea, the area is a popular tourist destination mostly for its unique geological features. The rocks of Cappadocia eroded into hundreds of spectacular pillars and minaret-like forms, creating one of the most picturesque landscapes in the world.Created by: MarcusXTurkey facts » What is the currency of Turkey?Lira. The Guinness Book of Records ranked the Turkish lira as the world's least valuable currency in 1995 and 1996, and again from 1999 to 2004. In the last decade, the Turkish lira stabilized against the U.S. dollar and the euro.Created by: globalquiz.orgcurrencies facts » Where is the capital of Turkey?At point 4. Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after Istanbul. It is located in central Anatolia.Created by: Debbie Foxcities of Asia facts » Play Turkey quiz and see all the questions.