Top 10 Iceland factsIceland quiz
Which European countries once instituted prohibition of alcohol?
Nordic Countries. In the early twentieth century, much of the impetus for the prohibition movement in the Nordic countries and North America came from moralistic convictions of pietistic Protestants. Nordic countries had started prohibition before the United States did. Between 1915-1919, laws were passed in Norway, Iceland and Finland.
Dettifoss is reputed to be the most powerful waterfall in Europe. Where is it?
In Iceland. Dettifoss is situated on the Jökulsá á Fjöllum river, which flows from the Vatnajökull glacier and collects water from a large area in Northeast Iceland. The falls are 100 metres (330 ft) wide and have a drop of 45 metres (150 ft) down.
This is Hella, a volcano in Iceland. How was it called by Europeans in the Middle Ages?
Gateway to Hell. After the eruption of 1104 stories, probably spread deliberately through Europe by Cistercian monks, told that Hekla was the gateway to Hell. The belief that Hekla was the gate to Hell persisted until the 1800s. Apparently, Jules Verne was inspired by the story. In his "Journey to the Center of the Earth", a path downwards is found inside other Icelandic volcano, Snæfellsjökull.
What's the strait that separates Greenland from Iceland?
Denmark Strait. The Denmark Strait or Greenland Strait is an oceanic strait between Iceland (to its northwest) and Greenland (to its southeast). The Norwegian island of Jan Mayen lies northeast of the strait.
The largest active volcano and the highest peak in Iceland is...?
Öræfajökull is the largest active volcano in the country, and on the summit crater's north-western rim is Hvannadalshnúkur, the highest peak in Iceland at 2,110 metres (6,920 ft). Geographically, Öræfajökull is considered part of Vatnajökull, and the area covered by glacier is within the boundary of Vatnajökull National Park.
Where can you travel with the Gold and Diamond Circle?
In Iceland. The Golden Circle consists of three of the most popular tourist sites in Iceland; National Park, Geysir hot spring area and Gullfoss waterfall. Golden Circle takes you from Reykjavik one way, and after visiting the sites, another way back to the city, making it into a 300 km circle. The Diamond Circle is a route around Húsavík and Lake Mývatn in North Iceland.
In which country is the world's oldest parliament?
Iceland. The Alþingi is the national parliament of Iceland. It is the oldest surviving parliament in the world[, a claim shared by Tynwald. The Althing was founded in 930 at Þingvellir. Even after Iceland's union with Norway in 1262, the Althing still held its sessions until 1800, when it was discontinued for 45 years. It was restored in 1844 and moved to Reykjavík, where it has resided ever since.
Who was the first known European to have discovered continental North America?
Leif Erikson was a Norse explorer from Iceland. According to the Sagas of Icelanders, he established a Norse settlement at Vinland, tentatively identified with the Norse L'Anse aux Meadows on the northern tip of Newfoundland in modern-day Canada. Later archaeological evidence suggests that Vinland may have been the areas around the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and that the L'Anse aux Meadows site was a ship repair station.
What the stockfish is?
A dried fish. Stockfish is unsalted fish, especially cod, dried by cold air and wind on wooden racks (which is called "hjell" in Norway) on the foreshore. The drying of food is the world's oldest known preservation method, and dried fish has a storage life of several years. The method is cheap and effective in suitable climates; the work can be done by the fisherman and family, and the resulting product is easily transported to market.
How many volcanoes are there in Iceland?
Approximately 200. There are approximately 200 volcanoes in Iceland. Most of them are concentrated along the border of tectonic plates stretching from the south-west of the island to the northeast. It is estimated that from the year 1500 from Icelandic volcanoes, the amount of lava equal to about one third of the amount of lava from all other eruptions in this period around the world.