Top 10 legends factsLegends quiz
Who was the legendary Lawrence of Arabia?
British archaeologist and military. Thomas Edward Lawrence, CB, DSO (16 August 1888 – 19 May 1935) was a British archaeologist, army officer, diplomat, and writer. He was renowned for his liaison role during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
Who won the battle of Marathon?
Greeks. According to Herodotus, an Athenian runner named Pheidippides was sent to run from Athens to Sparta (225 km, 140 miles) to ask for assistance before the battle. Then, following the battle, the Athenian army marched quickly the 40 km (25 miles) to Athens, in order to head off the Persian forces. Later these two events became confused with each other, leading to a legendary but inaccurate story (first recorded by Plutarch in 1st century AD) of Pheidippides running from Marathon to Athens after the battle, to announce the Greek victory.
Who was Kelpie in Celtic culture?
horse. Kelpie, or water horse, is the Scots name given to a shape-shifting water spirit inhabiting the lochs and pools of Scotland. It has usually been described as appearing as a horse, but is able to adopt human form. Almost every sizeable body of water in Scotland has an associated kelpie story, but the most extensively reported is that of Loch Ness.
What is "Aqua regiaor"?
A mixture of two acids. Aqua regiaor ("king's water") is a mixture of nitric acid and hydrochloric acid, optimally in a molar ratio of 1:3. Aqua regia is a yellow-orange fuming liquid, so named by alchemists because it can dissolve the noble metals gold and platinum, though not all metals.
Which country live the Székelys in?
Romania. The Székelys are a subgroup of the Hungarian people living mostly in the Székely Land in Romania. The origin of the Székelys has been much debated. It is now generally accepted that they are descendants of Hungarians (or of Magyarized Turkic peoples) transplanted to the eastern Carpathian Mountains to guard the frontier, their name meaning simply "frontier guards"
Serrallonga is a legendary heroic outlaw of which nation?
Catalonia. Joan Sala and Ferrer, also known as Serrallonga, during his lifetime enjoyed great popularity among the Catalan population (like Robin Hood), which linked his person to the fight against foreign (Spanish) power and feudals. When Serrallonga was captured and publicly executed in Barcelona in 1634, his legend gained strength and has been preserved to this day.
Who, according to Herodotus, defeated and killed Cyrus the Great in 530 BC?
Tomyris was a Massagetean ruler who reigned over the Massagetae, an Iranian people from Scythian pastoral-nomadic confederation of Central Asia east of the Caspian Sea. Tomyris led her armies to defend against an attack by Cyrus the Great of the Achaemenid Empire, and, according to Herodotus, defeated and killed him in 530 BC. The names of Tomyris, and her son Spargapises, who was the head of her army, are of Iranian origins.
What is the name of a two-legged dragon-like creature?
Wyvern. A wyvern is a biped legendary creature with a dragon's head and wings, a reptilian body, two legs, and a tail often ending in a diamond- or arrow-shaped tip. The wyvern in its various forms is important to heraldry, frequently appearing as a mascot of schools and athletic teams. It is a popular creature in European and British literature, video games, and modern fantasy.
Who, according to Jewish legends, was a one-day king of Poland?
Saul Wahl Katzenellenbogen (1541–1617) was a wealthy and politically influential Polish Jew who is said to have briefly occupied the throne of Poland on 18 August 1587. He has historically borne the nickname, "Le roi d'un jour" (king for a day). While no physical evidence exists to prove the veracity of the story that Saul was briefly king of Poland, it has nonetheless gained a firm place in the folklore of the Jewish people.
According to the legend, why did Lady Godiva ride a horse naked?
To lower the taxes. According to the story, Lady Godiva appealed again and again to her husband, who obstinately refused to lower the taxation. At last, weary of her entreaties, he said he would grant her request if she would strip naked and ride through the streets of the town.