Top 10 Middle Ages factsMiddle Ages quiz
What is the name of the first Viking who became the King of England?
Sweyn Forkbeard the King of Denmark and Norway in 1013 after many tries finally has conquered British soil and announced himself as the King of England. Another Vikings that became the King of England were his son Cnut and William the Conqueror.
In which city did Charlemagne, King of the Franks, reside?
Aachen (modern Germany). The geography of the Kingdom of Franks varied over time, but it was centered on the Rhine and Meuse rivers in northern Europe. Charlemagne himself probably spoke a Rhenish Franconian dialect of Old High German. Eventually, the singular use of the name Francia shifted towards the region of Paris.
Which large country in Europe was not affected by the Black Death?
Poland. Historians aren't sure why Poland was spared the worst of the plague, even though all its neighbours got depopulated. It was the only place not affected by the disease on the European continent (Iceland was also spared because it was rarely visited and Black Death never reached there).
Which king claimed he was made of glass and could not be touched?
Charles VI of France. Charles VI, known as "Charles the Mad" ruled France in the midst of the Hundred Years' War. He suffered from periods of mental illness, which had been passed on for several generations through his mother, Joanna of Bourbon. During an episode in 1395–96 he claimed he was Saint George and did not know his wife or children. In 1405, he refused to bathe or change clothes for five months. The entrances of his residence were walled up to keep him inside.
Which European kingdom other than Russia used the title "tsar" for its monarchs?
Bulgaria. The title Tsar in Slavic languages is derived from the Latin title of the Roman emperors, Caesar. It was first used in Bulgaria from 10th to 15th century, and in Serbia (in the 14th century). Later, it was used in Russia - Ivan IV was the first to use it in 1547.
What was the typical weapon of a Viking?
Axe. The most popular Vikings' weapons were axes, not because of greater efficiency, but due to higher availability. Only a few could afford swords, which were very expensive - much harder to forge and required much better iron. As to hammers, they weren't used in Scandinavia almost at all.
What is the name of the conical piece of material at the centre of a shield?
Umbos are usually made of thick metal, but could also be made of wood. It was originally designed to deflect blows from the centre of round shields, though they also provided a place to mount the shield's grip.
Where were florins from?
Italy. As is evidenced by its name, the coin was first struck in Florence. As many Florentine banks had branches across Europe, the florin quickly became the dominant trade coin of Western Europe for large scale transactions.
How long did the Republic of Venice exist?
Over 1000 years. The Republic of Venice existed for over a millennium, from the late 7th century until 1797. That was one of the longest uninterrupted existence of a sovereign country in the history of Europe.