Top 10 Sweden factsSweden quiz
Which of European peninsulas has the most unstable shoreline?
Scandinavian Peninsula. Before the 18th century, it was thought in Sweden that sea levels were falling. On the initiative of Anders Celsius a number of marks were made in rock on different locations along the Swedish coast. In 1765 it was possible to conclude that it was not a lowering of sea levels but an uneven rise of land, later recognized as post-glacial rebound.
Why do elements erbium, yttrium, ytterbium, terbium, have similar names?
From the name of the Swedish Ytterby mine. Ytterby mine, located in the south-east part of the Swedish island and the town Resarö, was a rich source of many rare minerals. 4 chemical elements - yttrium, ytterbium, terbium and erbium - were named after the mine commemorating their origin.
The Moomins were created as book characters by Tove Jansson. But who created their well known hippopotamus-like appearances?
Tove Jansson herself. Tove Jansson (pictured) was not only a writer, but also an illustrator. She created a series of comic books about the Moomins.
A psychological phenomenon in which hostages express sympathy to their captors is called after a certain city. Which one?
Stockholm syndrome is named after the bank robbery in Stockholm in 1973. Several bank employees were held hostage in a bank vault for 6 days and became emotionally attached to their captors and even defended them after they were freed. Stockholm Syndrome does not necessarily require a hostage scenario. Essentially, victims mistake a lack of abuse from their oppressors for an act of kindness.
Vasa, a beautiful Swedish galleon, is exposed in one of Stockholm museums. What was her fate?
She sunk just after launching. Vasa was built between 1626-1628 to fight against Poland and Lithuania. She was designed to become the greatest vessel of Swedish fleet. Richly decorated and well equipped with cannons was to pay high price for Gustav Adolph ambition. The ship was unstable, and she foundered on her maiden voyage after mere 1,200 yards. The loss was so big, that Swedes believed, it had been caused by Polish sabotage.
Founding of one of the European capitals was a result of a tectonic movement. Which capital was it?
Stockholm. In the 12th century, the Malaren Bay, a major trade route into central Sweden, was cut off the Baltic Sea as a result of post-glacial rebound of Scandinavia. The trade ships had to unload the cargo in the bay mouth that became too shallow to sail, which led to foundation of Stockholm at this place. Today, Malaren Lake is 0.7 m above sea level.
Which car company manufactured aircraft before they started car production?
Saab. In 1944 the war was near end and SAAB (Svenska Aeroplan Aktie Bolaget) realized that the demand for military aircraft will soon drop. A search for new markets resulted in starting a car business.
Which country had invaded Sweden in the past, causing Stockholm Bloodbath?
Denmark. In 1520, a conflict arose between Swedish pro-unionists (in favor of the Kalmar Union, then dominated by Denmark) and anti-unionists (supporters of Swedish independence). This ended with intervention Danish forces under the command of King Christian II. Around 80-90 anti-unionists (mostly nobility and clergy) were subsequently executed.
In which countries there is a government monopoly on the sale of liquor?
In Scandinavia. The state-run vendor is called Systembolaget in Sweden, Vinmonopolet in Norway and Alko in Finland. The governments of these countries claim that the purpose of these monopolies is to reduce the consumption of alcohol.