10 most difficult philosophy riddlesPhilosophy quiz
Who was she living in the 5th century, Arete of Cyrene?
queen of Thebes
mother of Pericles
Arete of Cyrene (fl. 5th–4th century BC) was a Cyrenaic philosopher who lived in Cyrene, Libya. She was the daughter of Aristippus of Cyrene. Life and teachings Arete learned philosophy from her father, Aristippus, who had himself learned philosophy from Socrates.
Who is the author of Meno's paradox?
Meno is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato. It appears to attempt to determine the definition of virtue, or arete, meaning virtue in general, rather than particular virtues, such as justice or temperance. The first part of the work is written in the Socratic dialectical style and Meno is reduced to confusion or aporia. In response to Meno's paradox, however, Socrates introduces positive ideas: the immortality of the soul, the theory of knowledge as recollection.
Who is considered the father of anarchism?
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809–1865) was a French politician and the founder of mutualist philosophy He was the first person to declare himself an anarchist, using that term and is widely regarded as one of the ideology's most influential theorists. Proudhon is even considered by many to be the "father of anarchism".
Where was Aristotle born?
Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira. Along with Plato, Aristotle is considered the "Father of Western Philosophy", which inherited almost its entire lexicon from his teachings, including problems and methods of inquiry, so influencing almost all forms of knowledge.
What field is the diamond–water paradox related to?
The paradox of value (also known as the diamond–water paradox) is the apparent contradiction that, although water is on the whole more useful, in terms of survival, than diamonds, diamonds command a higher price in the market. The philosopher Adam Smith is often considered to be the classic presenter of this paradox, although it had already appeared as early as Plato's Euthydemus. Nicolaus Copernicus, John Locke, John Law and others had previously tried to explain the disparity.
Who developed the form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction?
Jacques Derrida was a French philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, and developed in the context of phenomenology. He is one of the major figures associated with post-structuralism and postmodern philosophy.
Plato founded school named Academy. What was the name of the school founded by Aristotle?
The Lyceum was a gymnasium and public meeting place in Classical Athens named after the Apollo Lyceus, "wolf-god" of the grove that housed the Lyceum.
"Man is but a reed, the most feeble thing in nature; but he is a thinking reed." Whose quote is that?
The quote comes from the Pensées ("Thoughts"), a collection of fragments on theology and philosophy written by 17th-century philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal. Pascal's religious conversion led him into a life of asceticism, and the Pensées was in many ways his life's work.
Who was the father of Socrates?
Socrates was born in Alopeke, and belonged to the tribe Antiochis. His father was Sophroniscus, a sculptor, or stonemason. His mother was a midwife named Phaenarete. Socrates married Xanthippe, who is especially remembered for having an undesirable temperament. She bore for him three sons, Lamprocles, Sophroniscus and Menexenus.
This is Raphael's "The school of Athens". Who are the two main figures in the center ?
Plato and Socrates
Aristotle and Socrates
Plato and Aristotle
Pythagoras and Aristotle
Commentators have suggested that nearly every great ancient Greek philosopher can be found in this painting, but determining which are depicted is difficult. However, the identities of some of the philosophers in the picture, such as Plato (pointing the heavens) and his student Aristotle (pointing the earth), are certain.