10 most difficult philosophy riddlesAncient Greece quiz
Plato founded school named Academy. What was the name of the school founded by Aristotle?
The Lyceum was a gymnasium and public meeting place in Classical Athens named after the Apollo Lyceus, "wolf-god" of the grove that housed the Lyceum.
"Man is but a reed, the most feeble thing in nature; but he is a thinking reed." Whose quote is that?
The quote comes from the Pensées ("Thoughts"), a collection of fragments on theology and philosophy written by 17th-century philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal. Pascal's religious conversion led him into a life of asceticism, and the Pensées was in many ways his life's work.
Who developed the form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction?
Jacques Derrida was a French philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, and developed in the context of phenomenology. He is one of the major figures associated with post-structuralism and postmodern philosophy.
Where was Aristotle born?
Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira. Along with Plato, Aristotle is considered the "Father of Western Philosophy", which inherited almost its entire lexicon from his teachings, including problems and methods of inquiry, so influencing almost all forms of knowledge.
This is Raphael's "The school of Athens". Who are the two main figures in the center ?
Plato and Socrates
Aristotle and Socrates
Plato and Aristotle
Pythagoras and Aristotle
Commentators have suggested that nearly every great ancient Greek philosopher can be found in this painting, but determining which are depicted is difficult. However, the identities of some of the philosophers in the picture, such as Plato (pointing the heavens) and his student Aristotle (pointing the earth), are certain.
Who is the author of the Categorical Imperative?
The categorical imperative (German: kategorischer Imperativ) is the central philosophical concept in the deontological moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Introduced in Kant's 1785 Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, it may be defined as a way of evaluating motivations for action.
What is the most important writing of Socrates?
Critique Of Pure Reason
Science Of Logic
As Socrates did not write philosophical texts, the knowledge of the man, his life, and his philosophy is entirely based on writings by his students and contemporaries.
What was the philosophical message of ancient Epicureans?
errare humanum est
nihil novi sub sole
homo homini lupus
In Horace, the phrase is part of the longer carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero, which can be translated as "Seize the day, put very little trust in tomorrow". The ode says that the future is unforeseen and that one should not leave to chance future happenings, but rather one should do all one can today to make one's future better. This phrase is usually understood against Horace's Epicurean background.
How is the conviction that "the present is the key to the past" called?
Uniformitarianism is a term used to summarize the idea that the past natural processes bear similarities with today's processes and will keep on that way in future. The term was most utilized in the field of geology although it also applies to other areas.This belief is summarized by the phrase, “the present is the key to the past.”
What is Socrates' best known book?
Socrates made no writings
Socrates (c. 470 – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought. An enigmatic figure, he made no writings, and is known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers writing after his lifetime, particularly his students Plato and Xenophon.