10 most difficult scientists riddlesScientists quiz
Which mathematician is it?
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Jules Henri Poincaré was a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and philosopher of science. He is often described as a polymath, and in mathematics as " The Last Universalist"n since he excelled in all fields of the discipline as it existed during his lifetime. He was responsible for formulating the Poincaré conjecture, which was one of the most famous unsolved problems in mathematics until it was solved in 2002–2003 by Grigori Perelman. In his research on the three-body problem.
Which famous astronomer was also a successful sportsman?
In his younger days he was noted more for his athletic prowess than his intellectual abilities. He won seven first places in a single high school track and field meet in 1906. He also set the state high school record for the high jump in Illinois, and practiced amateur boxing.
Who is the youngest ever Nobel Prize laureate in Physics?
Sir William Lawrence Bragg was an Australian-born British physicist and X-ray crystallographer, discoverer of Bragg's law of X-ray diffraction, which is basic for the determination of crystal structure. Bragg was, until October 2014, the youngest ever Nobel laureate; he won the prize in 1915 at the age of 25. He remains the youngest recipient of the Physics Prize.
Who coined the term "gas"?
Cornelis van Niel
Julius von Mayer
Jan van Helmont
Jan Baptist van Helmont (1580–1644) was a Flemish chemist, physiologist, and physician. He worked during the years just after Paracelsus and the rise of iatrochemistry, and is sometimes considered to be "the founder of pneumatic chemistry". Van Helmont is remembered today largely for his ideas on spontaneous generation, his 5-year tree experiment, and his introduction of the word "gas" (from the Greek word chaos) into the vocabulary of science.
Which mathematician was called the Princeps mathematicorum ("the foremost of mathematicians")?
Jean le Rond d’Alembert
Pierre Simon de Laplace
Carl Friedrich Gauss
Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who made significant contributions to many fields including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, mechanics, electrostatics, magnetic fields, astronomy, matrix theory, and optics.
Which mathematician is that?
Grigorij Parelman is a Russian mathematician who in 2003 proved (confirmed in 2006) Thurston's geometrization conjecture. This consequently solved in the affirmative the Poincaré conjecture. In 2006 he was offered the Fields Medal and a million $ along with it, but he declined the award, stating: "I'm not interested in money or fame; I don't want to be on display like an animal in a zoo."
Which field did Sigmund Freud win the Nobel Prize in?
he never won one
The Austrian neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was nominated for the Nobel Medicine Prize for the first time in 1915 by US neurologist William Alanson White, Freud went on to be nominated for a Nobel a total of 13 times until 1938, one year before his death in London. Freud has never received the Nobel Prize.
What nationality was Leonhard Euler - one of the greatest mathematicians in history?
Leonhard Euler, the 18th century Swiss mathematician and physicist is considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of all time for the tremendous contributions he made to the field of pure mathematics. Many concepts of modern mathematics originated from the works of this eminent mathematician whose works also spanned the fields of mechanics, fluid dynamics, optics and astronomy.