Which founder of a religion abdicated the royal throne?
According to tradition, Siddartha Gautama was a son of King Suddhodana, who was an elected leader of the Shakya people. The Śākyas formed an independent republican state, with the capital of Kapilavastu in present-day Nepal. As Gautama Buddha founded a new religion and abdicated the throne, so the lineage continued with his brother Rahula.
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