Top 10 architecture factsArchitecture quiz
What are the holes in this Buddha statue for?
Windows. The Laykyun Setkyar in Myanmar is the second tallest statue in the world at 116 meters (381 ft), plus 13.5 m (44 ft) for the throne. All top three tallest statues in the world depict Buddha.
Where is this castle?
In Anaheim, California. Opened July 17, 1955, the Sleeping Beauty Castle is the oldest of all Disney castles. Though it reaches a height of only 77 feet (23 m), it was designed to appear taller through a process known as forced perspective; design elements are larger at the foundation and smaller at the turrets
The first shrine building at Ise Grand Shrine in Japan was erected in the 7th century. All the buildings are wooden, yet still standing. How is that possible?
It is being rebuilt every 20 years. The shrine buildings are rebuilt every 20 years as a part of the Shinto belief of the death and renewal of nature. The architectural style of the Ise shrine pre-date the introduction of Buddhist architecture in Japan. Thanks to constant rebuilding, ancient building techniques are passed from one generation to the next.
This castle, known as "African Camelot", is inscribed as the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Where is it?
In Ethiopia. Fasil Ghebbi is a fortress-enclosure located in Gondar, Ethiopia. It was built in 1636 by Emperor Fasilidies, who broke with the old tradition of the Ethiopian Emperors to travel around their possessions, living off the produce of the peasants and dwelling in tents. The unique architecture of Fasil Ghebbi shows diverse influences, including Nubian, Arab, and Baroque styles.
In which city is the largest basilica in the world?
In Yamoussoukro. The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace is a Catholic minor basilica dedicated to Our Lady of Peace in Yamoussoukro, the administrative capital of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast). Guinness World Records lists it as the largest "church" in the world, having surpassed the previous record holder, St. Peter's Basilica, upon completion. It can accommodate 18,000 worshippers.
Where is this famous castle?
In Germany. Neuschwanstein Castle is one of the most important tourist attractions of Bavaria, with over 1.3 million visitors annually. The castle name was given by mistake: two newly built castles - Hohenschwangau and Schwanstein effectively swapped names. Hohenschwangau Castle replaced the ruins of Schwanstein Castle, and Neuschwanstein Castle replaced the ruins of the two Hohenschwangau Castles.
Where is this Holocaust Memorial?
In Berlin. The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is a well known memorial in Berlin to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust. It consists of 2,711 concrete blocks. Opened in 2005, this large memorial site (19,000 m², 4.7 acres) is today one of the must-see places in Berlin. It is estimated that some 3.5 million visitors entered the memorial in the first year it was open, or about 10,000 every day.
That's a part of the famous building designed by Friedensreich Hundertwasser. What kind of a building is that?
Public toilet. The Hundertwasser Toilets is a public toilet located in the town of Kawakawa in northern New Zealand. The structure was completed in 1999 and named after architect Friedensreich Hundertwasser, who conceived the project. It is one of the few toilet blocks seen as an international work of art and a tourist attraction in its own right.
What is the name of an empty tomb erected in honour of a person whose remains are elsewhere?
Cenotaph. Although the vast majority of cenotaphs honour individuals, many noted cenotaphs are instead dedicated to the memories of groups of individuals, such as the lost soldiers of a country or of an empire.