Top 10 capitals facts Selected as the most interesting among capitals related questions in Capitals quiz What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?Dispute between Sydney and Melbourne. Debates over Federation in the late 19th century were dominated by a long dispute over whether Sydney or Melbourne should be the national capital. A compromise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, at least 100 miles (160 km) from Sydney.Created by: Kasiageography of Australia facts » Which country other than USA named its capital after the president of the United States?Liberia was created in 1847 by freed slaves from the United States. They established a government modeled on that of the United States and named its capital city Monrovia after James Monroe, a prominent supporter of the colonization.Created by: globalquiz.orggeography of West Africa facts » What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?Rio de Janeiro. Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).Created by: Kasiageography of Brazil facts » Why does the church of Carmo Convent in Lisbon lack its roof?It was destroyed by earthquake. The convent was ruined in the 1755 Great Lisbon Earthquake, which destroyed the city, killed possibly 100.000 of its inhabitants and disrupted the colonial ambitions of Portugal. The church was left unrestored to remind the tragedy.Created by: Kasiahistory of Portugal facts » Which two European capitals are the closest to each other?Vienna and Bratislava. Bratislava is only 60 kilometers (37.3 mi) from the Austrian capital Vienna. Before the Second World War, there was a regular fast tram service between the two.Created by: globalquiz.orgAustria facts » This photo was taken in one of European capitals. Where?In Helsinki. These powerful icebreakers are docked for the summer season at the port of Helsinki. Almost all of Finland trade comes through the brackish Gulf of Finland, which freezes easily during winter.Created by: Debbie Foxcities of Scandinavia facts » Not including Andorra, which European capital is located at the highest altitude?Madrid. Due to its altitude of 667 m (2,188 ft) above sea level, The Madrid region features a Mediterranean climate with cool winters, including sporadic snowfalls and minimum temperatures often below freezing.Created by: SpikeMegeography of Europe facts » This photo of the totally destroyed city was taken in May 1945. Which city was that?Manila. The one-month Battle of Manila was the scene of the worst urban fighting in the Pacific theater. It culminated in total devastation of the city and a bloodbath often compared to Stalingrad. Manila was listed as the second most devastated capital city of WW2, after Warsaw.Created by: СофияPhilippines facts » Which European capital was hit by a major earthquake in 1977?Bucharest. At 21:22, on the evening of March 4, 1977, Bucharest was hit by an earthquake measuring a whopping 7.3 on the Richter scale. The city center suffered significant damage and many historic buildings were destroyed. The earthquake killed about 1,578 people in Romania (1,424 in Bucharest), and wounded more than 11,300.Created by: Monica Stillernatural disasters facts » This is one of the largest cities in the world. Which one?Kinshasa (at the bottom of the photo) is an urban area with a 2013 population of over 9 million. It faces the capital of the neighbouring Republic of Congo, Brazzaville, which can be seen in the distance across the wide Congo River.Created by: Sumit Tamangsatellite photos facts » Play capitals quiz and see all the questions.