What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?

safe location far from the sea
wish of the Indigenous Australians
low land price
dispute between Sydney and Melbourne
Debates over Federation in the late 19th century were dominated by a long dispute over whether Sydney or Melbourne should be the national capital. A compromise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, at least 100 miles (160 km) from Sydney.
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