What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?

safe location far from the sea
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wish of the Indigenous Australians
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low land price
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dispute between Sydney and Melbourne
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Debates over Federation in the late 19th century were dominated by a long dispute over whether Sydney or Melbourne should be the national capital. A compromise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, at least 100 miles (160 km) from Sydney.
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