Top 10 cities facts Selected as the most interesting among cities related questions in Cities quiz What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?Dispute between Sydney and Melbourne. Debates over Federation in the late 19th century were dominated by a long dispute over whether Sydney or Melbourne should be the national capital. A compromise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, at least 100 miles (160 km) from Sydney.Created by: Kasiageography of Australia facts » In which major European city there is a volcano that may soon erupt?In Naples. Lying mostly underwater, Campi Flegrei comprises 24 craters. It is one of the largest volcanoes in the world, capable of producing VEI 7 (super-colossal) eruptions. Its most recent eruption of 1538 created a new hill, Monte Nuovo.Created by: Hitter smashergeography of Italy facts » What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?Rio de Janeiro. Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).Created by: Kasiageography of Brazil facts » Why does the church of Carmo Convent in Lisbon lack its roof?It was destroyed by earthquake. The convent was ruined in the 1755 Great Lisbon Earthquake, which destroyed the city, killed possibly 100.000 of its inhabitants and disrupted the colonial ambitions of Portugal. The church was left unrestored to remind the tragedy.Created by: Kasiahistory of Portugal facts » What does the name Singapore mean?City of Lions. The English name of Singapore is derived from the Malay word Singapura (lit. Lion City), hence the customary reference to the nation as the Lion City. Lions probably never lived there; the beast seen by Sang Nila Utama, who founded and named ancient Singapore, was most likely a tiger.Created by: globalquiz.orgcity names facts » Chennai is one of the India's largest cities. What was the previous city name?Madras. The renaming of cities in India started after the end of the British imperial period in India in 1947 and continues to date. Madras was changed to Chennai in 1994, but the old name preserved in many institutions, like Madras Stock Exchange, Madras University and Madras High Court.Created by: Kasiageography of India facts » This photo was taken in one of European capitals. Where?In Helsinki. These powerful icebreakers are docked for the summer season at the port of Helsinki. Almost all of Finland trade comes through the brackish Gulf of Finland, which freezes easily during winter.Created by: Debbie Foxcities of Scandinavia facts » Entrance to which holy city is prohibited for non-believers?Mecca. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure. Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan and diverse cities in the Muslim world, although non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.Created by: CleoSaudi Arabia facts » Why is Jerusalem a holy city for Muslims?It is the site of Muhammad's ascension to heaven. In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city, after Mecca and Medina. In Islamic tradition in 610 CE it became the first Qibla, the focal point for Muslim prayer (later moved by Muhammad to Mecca), and Muhammad made his Night Journey there ten years later, ascending to heaven where he speaks to God, according to the Quran.Created by: globalquiz.orgIsrael facts » Which large city lies in the shadow of the table mountain?Cape Town. The central area of Cape Town is called City Bowl. It is enclosed by near vertical cliffs of 1,000 m (3,300 ft) high Table Mountain, and Devil's Peak and Lion's Head on either side.Created by: ex-terminatorSouth Africa facts » Play cities quiz and see all the questions.