Comets factsAstronomy quiz
What direction does the comet tail made of gases point?
Away from the Sun. The streams of dust and gas each form their own distinct tail, pointing in slightly different directions. The tail of dust is left behind in the comet's orbit. At the same time, the ion tail, made of gases, always points directly away from the Sun, shaped by the solar wind.
What was the most beautiful comet of the second half of the twentieth century, with two tails visible to the naked eye?
Comet Hale-Bopp. Hale–Bopp was discovered on July 23, 1995 separately by Alan Hale and Thomas Bopp prior to it becoming naked-eye visible on Earth. Comet Hale-Boppit was visible to the naked eye for a record 18 months, twice as long as the previous record holder, the Great Comet of 1811. Accordingly, Hale–Bopp was dubbed the Great Comet of 1997.
The Perseids are prolific meteor showers. Which comet are they associated with?
109PSwift–Tuttle. The Perseids are prolific meteor showers associated with the comet Swift–Tuttle. The Perseids are so called because the point from which they appear to hail lies in the constellation Perseus. The shower is visible from mid-July each year, with the peak in activity between 9 and 14 August, depending on the particular location of the stream. During the peak, the rate of meteors reaches 60 or more per hour.
What comet is believed to be the originator of the Taurids meteor showers?
2P/Encke) is a periodic comet that completes an orbit of the Sun once every 3.3 years (the shortest period of a reasonably bright comet). It is believed to be the originator of several related meteor showers known as the Taurids (which are encountered as the Northern and Southern Taurids across November, and the Beta Taurids in late June and early July).
What comet pushed the members of the cult Heaven's Gate to commit mass suicide in 1997?
Hale-Bopp. Heaven's Gate was an American UFO religious millenarian cult based in San Diego, California, founded in 1974 and led by Marshall Applewhite and Bonnie Nettles. In March 1997, 39 of their members committed mass suicide with the intention of teleporting to a spaceship they believed was flying behind the Comet Hale–Bopp.