Top 10 Egypt factsEgypt quiz
In 1822 Jean-François Champollion translated ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs for the first time. What made this possible?
Rosetta stone. The Rosetta Stone is a stele found in 1799 in the Egyptian sea port of Rashid (Rosetta). The discovery was made during Napoleon's invasion of Egypt. The stele is inscribed with the same text in three languages: archaic Egyptian hieroglyphs, Demotic script, and Ancient Greek. Comparison of these three samples helped unlock hieroglyphic writing.
Which sea is the most saline in the world?
Red Sea. The Red Sea is very saline due to high evaporation, very little precipitation, almost no river inflow and isolation from the rest of the Indian Ocean. Salinity reaches 41 ‰ in the northern part (Average for the world's seawater is ~35 ‰).
Which deity was a rival of Horus in the Egyptian mythology?
Set. Horus was a god of arable land and the order, while Set was a god of the desert and chaos. Both fought for the throne of Egypt after Osiris, father of Horus, had been murdered by Set. Horus won the battle. Since then, all the pharaohs ruled Egypt as incarnation of Horus.
What does the word pharaoh really mean?
Great house. 'Pharaoh' is the term we use today to describe the rulers of ancient Egypt. Pharaoh' is actually a Greek word that is based on an Egyptian word that meant 'great house'. When this word was first used, it referred to the palace of the king and its greatness, not just to the king himself. We use the word 'pharaoh' today to mean the ruler of ancient Egypt.
What is the national currency of Egypt?
The pound. When the British first got involved in Egypt in the nineteenth century, Egypt was using a monetary unit known as the piastre, or Qirsh. Since 100 piastres was roughly between the value of one pound sterling and one Guinea, a new unit, called the pound in English and the ginaih in Arabic, was created equal to one hundred piastres. The Egyptian pound, however, has never been exactly equal in value to the pound sterling.
How many seas does Israel have access to? (not including lakes like Dead Sea)
Two. The Mediterranean Sea makes up the majority of Israel's coastline. But Israel also has a small coastline on the Red Sea in the south, with the port of Eilat. This 11 km (7 miles) wide strip of land separates Egypt from Jordan, so tourists visiting Egypt typically need to approach Jordan by the sea if they want to visit Petra.
For whom were the pyramids in Giza built?
Khufu (Cheops), Khafre (Chephren) and Menkaure (Mykerinos). The three pyramids were built by pharaons of the fourth dynasty: Khufu, his son Khafre and Kahafre's son, Menkaure. Today, they are better known by their hellenized names: Cheops, Chephren and Mykerinos. Along with these major monuments are a number of smaller satellite edifices, known as "queens" pyramids.
What divides Asia from Africa?
Suez Canal. Search Results The usual line of division between Africa and Asia is at the Isthmus of Suez, which is the narrowest gap between the Mediterranean San and the Gulf of Suez. It is also the route of the Suez Canal. Such division makes the Sinai Peninsula geographically Asian, and Egypt a transcontinental country.
What is the literal meaning of the word "hieroglyph"?
Sacred writing. A hieroglyph (Greek for "sacred writing") was a character of the ancient Egyptian writing system.. The word hieroglyphics refer to a hieroglyphic script. Unlike English, the hieroglyphic script was spelt exactly as it was sounded out. Only those privileged with an extensive education (i.e. the Pharaoh, nobility and priests) were able to read and write hieroglyphs.