Top 10 prehistory factsPrehistory quiz
When did the woolly mammoth become extinct?
1650 BC. The woolly mammoth was the last among mammoth species. They have vanished from Europe and southern Siberia about 10,000 years ago, but a small population survived on the St. Paul Island, Alaska, up until 3750 BC, and the small mammoths of Wrangel Island survived until 1650 BC. They were still around when the Egyptian Pyramids were being built.
When was the Great Britain separated from the European continent and became an island?
About 8,000 years ago. Until about 14,000 years ago, Great Britain was joined to Ireland, and as recently as 8,000 years ago it was joined to the continent by a strip of low marsh leading to what are now Denmark and the Netherlands. Great Britain became an island at the end of the last glacial period when sea levels rose due to the combination of melting glaciers and the subsequent isostatic rebound of the crust.
What is the literal meaning of the word mammoth in Siberian languages?
Underground monster. The word mammoth comes from the mythology of the Siberian peoples who believed they lived underground - as dead ones were found in the ground from time to time.
Which mountains are among world's oldest?
Urals. The Urals are among the world's oldest extant mountain ranges. For its age of 250 to 300 million years of age, the elevation of the mountains is unusually high. They were formed during the Uralian orogeny due to the collision of the eastern edge of the supercontinent Laurussia with the young and rheologically weak continent of Kazakhstania, which now underlies much of Kazakhstan and West Siberia west of the Irtysh, and intervening island arcs. The collision lasted nearly 90 million years in the late Carboniferous – early Triassic.
What does the word pharaoh really mean?
Great house. 'Pharaoh' is the term we use today to describe the rulers of ancient Egypt. Pharaoh' is actually a Greek word that is based on an Egyptian word that meant 'great house'. When this word was first used, it referred to the palace of the king and its greatness, not just to the king himself. We use the word 'pharaoh' today to mean the ruler of ancient Egypt.
This is a photo of the most important heritage site of a certain country, taken in 1923. Where is it?
In Ireland. Newgrange is a prehistoric monument built about 3200 BC, during the Neolithic period, which makes it older than Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids. In the 1970s, the area was cleared and the front of the monument was reconstructed, although some have questioned this move.
That's the skeleton of the largest known ground sloth. What was its size?
6 m long and 4 t of weight. Megatherium is one of the largest land mammals known to have existed, weighing up to 4 tonnes and measuring up to 6 m in length from head to tail. It is the largest known ground sloth, as big as modern elephants, and would have only been exceeded in its time by a few species of mammoth.
In which city is the Pyramid of the Niches located?
El Tajín. The archaeological site of El Tajin, located in the present-day Mexican State of Veracruz, is remarkable for many reasons. The site boasts many buildings, temples, palaces and ball courts, but the most impressive of all is the stunning Pyramid of the Niches. El Tajín was named a World Heritage site in 1992, due to its cultural importance and its architecture.
What is the name of a creature about a human body with a dog head?
Cynocephaly. The literal meaning of "cynocephaly" is "dog-headed"; however, that this refers to a human body with a dog head is implied. Often, such creatures also have human intelligence. Such cynocephalics are known in mythology and legend from many parts of the world, including ancient Egypt, Greece, and China. Further mentions come from the medieval East and Europe. In modern popular culture cynocephalics are also encountered as characters in books, comics, and graphic novels.
What is contained in the 13th century Paris Codex?
Description of Mayan religious rituals. The Paris Codex is devoted almost entirely to Mayan ritual and ceremony and is one of three surviving generally accepted pre-Columbian Maya books dating to the Period of Mesoamerican chronology (c. 900–1521 AD). The codex largely relates to a cycle of thirteen 20-year k'atuns and includes details of Maya astronomical signs.