Evolution factsPrehistory quiz
Who had larger brains: homo sapiens or neanderthals?
Neanderthals had large cranial capacity (1,600 cm3), which was larger than that of modern humans. Compared to modern humans, neanderthals had shorter legs and bigger bodies - this was likely an adaptation to preserve heat in cold climates. Larger eye sockets suggest that their eyesight may have been better than that of modern humans.
Which population has no neanderthal genes in own DNA?
Africans. Interbreeding between Neanderthals with modern humans took place several times. Neanderthal-derived DNA was found in the genome of contemporary populations in Europe and Asia, it accounts for 1–4% of modern genomes. Neanderthal genes are absent from most modern populations in sub-Saharan Africa.
Where did neanderthals live?
In Europe. Neanderthals are named after the first site where their fossils were discovered in the mid-19th century – it was a river valley in Germany named Neanderthal. Neanderthal remains were found in Europe (early range), as well as Southwest, Central, and Northern Asia (late range).
What does Latin “homo sapiens” literally mean?
Wise man. The name “homo sapiens” was introduced in 1758 by Carl Linnaeus.
What does Latin “homo erectus” literally mean?
Upright man. The name of homo erectus indicates that it was the first human ancestor which was bipedal.