Top 10 Latin factsLatin quiz
Which chemical element forms compounds which are typically intensely colored? Chromium.
The name of chromium means colour in Greek. Its compounds are used as pigments, including chrome yellow which had been used to paint school buses and chromium oxides used as a green color in glassmaking. Natural rubies are colored red due to chromium ions.
Which country derives its name from the word "South"? Australia.
"Australis" means "South" in Latin. Following European discovery, names for the Australian landmass were often references to the legendary Terra Australis Incognita - an "unknown land of the South" which appeared on many maps since Roman times.
What does the Latin phrase "in vino veritas" mean? In wine, Truth.
In vino veritas is a Latin phrase that means "in wine, truth", suggesting a person under the influence of alcohol is more likely to speak their hidden thoughts and desires. The phrase is sometimes continued as, "In vino veritas, in aqua sanitas", i.e., "In wine there is truth, in water there is health." Similar phrases exist across cultures and languages.
What was the philosophical message of ancient Epicureans? Carpe diem.
In Horace, the phrase is part of the longer carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero, which can be translated as "Seize the day, put very little trust in tomorrow". The ode says that the future is unforeseen and that one should not leave to chance future happenings, but rather one should do all one can today to make one's future better. This phrase is usually understood against Horace's Epicurean background.
What is the official language of the Vatican City? Italian and Latin .
The Vatican Constitution has established no official language. However, in accordance with paragraph 2 of the Legge sulle fonti del diritto ("Law on the sources of law") of 7 June 1929, it promulgates its laws and regulations by publishing them in the Italian-language Supplemento per le leggi e disposizioni dello Stato della Città del Vaticano attached to the Acta Apostolicae Sedis.