Top 10 science factsScience quiz
Where is The Encyclopaedia Britannica produced?
Chicago. The Britannica is the oldest English-language encyclopaedia still being produced (currently only in the online version). It was first published between 1768 and 1771 in Edinburgh, Scotland. In 1901, after it was taken over by an American firm, the Britannica shortened and simplified articles to broaden its appeal in the North American market. Although publication has been based in the United States since 1901, the Britannica has largely maintained British spelling.
Who was the first to create a zoo and botanical garden for scientific study?
Aristotle. Throughout his conquests of Asia, Alexander the Great collected many plant and animal specimens for Aristotle’s research. This allowed Aristotle to develop in Athens the first zoo and botanical garden in existence.
What serves as a natural "tape recording" of the history of the Earth's magnetic field reversals?
Ocean floor. In the 1950s scientists discovered zebra-like pattern of the ocean floor magnetic polarity. It turned out that the stripes of rock parallel to the mid-ocean ridge crest alternate in magnetic polarity (normal-reversed-normal, etc.), suggesting that they were formed during different epochs documenting the normal and reversal episodes of the Earth's magnetic field.
In order to protect seeds of the edible plants, the Global Seed Vault has been built. Where is it located?
Spitsbergen permafrost. The Svalbrad Global Seed Vault (norw. Svalbrad globale frøhvelv) is located Svalbrad archipelago, at the Sptisbergen Island in Norway. It has been built to safely store seeds of edible plants from all over the world in case of any cataclism. Vault located is in the tunnel digged in the permafrost. Currently over 1.5 mln specimens are stored
Schrödinger's cat is an experiment in the field of science;
Quantum mechanics. Schrödinger's cat is a thought experiment, sometimes described as a paradox, devised by Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger in 1935. It illustrates what he saw as the problem of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics applied to everyday objects.
Where does IceCube Neutrino Observatory work?
In Antarctica. The IceCube Neutrino Observatory (or simply IceCube) is a neutrino observatory constructed at the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica. Its thousands of sensors are located under the Antarctic ice, distributed over a cubic kilometre. In November 2013 it was announced that IceCube had detected 28 neutrinos that likely originated outside the Solar System.
Whose quote is that: "Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds."?
Robert Oppenheimer was the wartime head of the Los Alamos Laboratory and is among those who are credited with being the "father of the atomic bomb" for their role in the Manhattan Project. After the first test of the atomic bomb, Oppenheimer remarked that it brought to mind words from the Bhagavad Gita: "Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds."
Which mathematician laid the foundations for abstract algebra (especially the group theory)?
Évariste Galois was a French mathematician born in Bourg-la-Reine. While still in his teens, he was able to determine a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable by radicals, thereby solving a problem standing for 350 years. His work laid the foundations for Galois theory and group theory, two major branches of abstract algebra, and the subfield of Galois connections. He died at age 20 from wounds suffered in a duel.