Top 10 history factsHistory quiz
What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?
Dispute between Sydney and Melbourne. Debates over Federation in the late 19th century were dominated by a long dispute over whether Sydney or Melbourne should be the national capital. A compromise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, at least 100 miles (160 km) from Sydney.
Which country other than USA named its capital after the president of the United States?
Liberia was created in 1847 by freed slaves from the United States. They established a government modelled on that of the United States and named its capital city, Monrovia after James Monroe, a prominent supporter of the colonization.
Europeans brought many diseases to the Americas. Which disease did they carry back?
Syphilis was present in the Americas before European contact. It was carried from the Americas to Europe by the returning crewmen from Christopher Columbus's voyage. The first outbreak of syphilis in Europe occurred in 1494 in Naples, Italy, during a French invasion.
What spectacular achievement of young Stalin boosted his career among Bolsheviks?
Bank robbery. Before the Russian Revolution, Communist paramilitaries were often raising money through robberies and ransom kidnappings. Particularly notable was the 1907 Tiflis bank robbery, in which Stalin participated (playing minor role). The robbery resulted in 40 deaths and the theft of 341,000 rubles (equivalent to around US $3.4 million today).
Whose monuments may be found in the United States?
The founder of Ku-Klux-Klan. As of 2007, Tennessee had 32 dedicated historical markers linked to Nathan Bedford Forrest. High schools are named for Forrest in Chapel Hill, Tennessee, and Jacksonville, Florida. Tennessee celebrates July 13 as "Nathan Bedford Forrest Day."
Whose heads are on the flag of Sardinia?
Moors. The flag represents four Moorish invaders blindfolded for execution (Moors cut heads are also popular in Spanish emblems). A regional law approved in 1999 changed the flag, with the bandages now encircling the forehead.
What was the Russian beard token used for?
Proof of tax payment. In 1705, Emperor Peter I of Russia instituted a beard tax to modernize the society of Russia following European models. Those who paid the tax were required to carry a "beard token" with them all the time.
The Santísima Trinidad (pictured) bore the most guns of any ship of the line outfitted in the Age of Sail. How many guns were there?
140. Santísima Trinidad was one of few four-deckers ever built. The weight of the additional guns, so high above her waterline, made her sail poorly, leading to her nickname, El Ponderoso. She sank after the Battle of Trafalgar, where her great size made her a first target for the British fleet, and she came under concentrated attack by several ships.
Who was the most famous student of Aristotle?
Alexander the Great. Aristotle was invited by Philip II of Macedon to become the tutor to his son Alexander in 343 BC. Aristotle was appointed as the head of the royal academy of Macedon and encouraged Alexander toward eastern conquest.