Heraldry factsHistory quiz
Whose heads are on the flag of Sardinia?
Moors. The flag represents four Moorish invaders blindfolded for execution (Moors cut heads are also popular in Spanish emblems). A regional law approved in 1999 changed the flag, with the bandages now encircling the forehead.
The double-headed eagle serves as the Russian coat-of-arms. Where did it originate?
It was taken over from the Byzantine Empire. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, Moscow claimed succession to the legacy of the Eastern Roman Empire. Ivan III married Sophia Palaiologina, the niece of the last Byzantine emperor Constantine XI, and made the Byzantine double-headed eagle his own, and eventually Russian, coat-of-arms. In Byzantine heraldry, the heads represent the Emperor having authority over both secular and religious matters.
What do the Three Crowns symbolize in the coat of arms of Sweden?
Sweden, Norway and Scania. Three Crowns (Swedish: tre kronor) is a national emblem of Sweden, present in the coat of arms of Sweden, and composed of three yellow or gilded coronets ordered two above and one below, placed on a blue background. [Union of Magnus Eriksson] Magnus used the symbols frequently, probably to mark his three kingdoms; Sweden, Norway and Scania. At the middle of the 14th century, neighbouring Denmark's severe financial problems caused most of the country to be pawned to German princes, primarily Gerhard III and John III.
What is the double bitted axe called?
Labrys is, according to Plutarch, the Lydian word for the double-bitted axe called in Greek pélekus. While double axes are common in modern high fantasy settings, in reality they were not commonly used in combat.