Top 10 history of Italy factsItaly quiz
Whose heads are on the flag of Sardinia?
Moors. The flag represents four Moorish invaders blindfolded for execution (Moors cut heads are also popular in Spanish emblems). A regional law approved in 1999 changed the flag, with the bandages now encircling the forehead.
What was the capital city of the Western Roman Empire after the AD 395 final division?
Milan. In 286 Diocletian moved the capital of the Western Roman Empire from Rome to Mediolanum. It was from Milan that the Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, granting tolerance to all religions within the Empire, thus paving the way for Christianity to become the dominant religion of the Empire. After the city was besieged by the Visigoths in 402, the imperial residence was moved to Ravenna.
On which language is Italian standard language based?
Tuscan, specifically its Florentine variety, became the language of culture for all the people of Italy, thanks to the prestige of the masterpieces of Dante Alighieri, Francesco Petrarca, Giovanni Boccaccio and Niccolò Machiavelli. It would later become the official language of all the Italian states and of the Kingdom of Italy, when it was formed. Only 2.5% of Italy’s population could speak the Italian standardized language properly when the nation unified in 1861.
Which country leader ended like that?
Benito Mussolini. Mussolini (second from left) was captured and executed near Lake Como by Italian partisans. His body was then taken to Milan and hung upside down at a petrol station, the same place that the fascists had displayed the bodies of fifteen Milanese civilians a year earlier after executing them in retaliation for resistance activity.
How long did the Republic of Venice exist?
Over 1000 years. The Republic of Venice existed for over a millennium, from the late 7th century until 1797. That was one of the longest uninterrupted existence of a sovereign country in the history of Europe.
What kind of trade made Venice rich?
Spices. From the 8th until the 15th century, the Republic of Venice had the monopoly on lucrative spice trade with the Middle East, as it controlled East Mediterranean sea routes. It was the main reason for Spain and Portugal to seek sea routes to India.
What was the second "Sicily" in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies? (one was the island of Sicily)
Kingdom of Naples. The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was formed as a union of the Kingdom of Sicily and the Kingdom of Naples, which collectively had long been called the "Two Sicilies". It was the largest of the states of the region known as Italy before the Italian unification.
What material was the dome of Rome Pantheon made from?
Concrete. The temple - 43 meter in diameter - was built by emperor Hadrian. Its dome with 8-meter wide oculus was built of unreinforced concrete that has been a mystery for ages. The weight of Roman concrete used to build the monolitic structure is merely 1/5 of common concrete. Such effect was achieved by mixing in of volcanic tuff and pumice.
Which city was famed for its crossbowmen mercenaries during the Middle Ages?
Genoa. The Genoese crossbowmen were a famous military corps of the Middle Ages, which acted both as mercenaries for many European powers. Armed with crossbows made in Genoa by the Balistai Corporation, they fought both on land (including the Siege of Jerusalem and Battle of Crécy) and in naval battles. The Genoese crossbowmen remained one of the most respected military corps until the 16th century, well after the introduction of black-powder weapons in Europe.