Top 10 sea battles factsHistory quiz
The Santísima Trinidad (pictured) bore the most guns of any ship of the line outfitted in the Age of Sail. How many guns were there?
140. Santísima Trinidad was one of few four-deckers ever built. The weight of the additional guns, so high above her waterline, made her sail poorly, leading to her nickname, El Ponderoso. She sank after the Battle of Trafalgar, where her great size made her a first target for the British fleet, and she came under concentrated attack by several ships.
What was the condition of the famous admiral Horatio Nelson?
One-eyed and one-handed. Nelson was wounded several times in combat, losing one arm and the sight in one eye. During the Battle of Copenhagen, he refused to retreat, raising the telescope to his blind eye, and saying 'I really do not see the signal.
Why in the past were European ships built with high wooden "castles" fore and aft?
To improve ship defense. These were built to better resist boarding, commonly used in the naval warfare (especially by pirates). Boarders needed to attack these castles with great difficulty, while archers or harquebusiers could sweep the enemy decks.
In naval warfare of the Age of Sail, what was the most desired way to fire at the enemy?
Fire towards stern. Although each shot of raking fire is more likely to miss the target, it will cause more damage when successful. In addition, the targeted ship will have few or no guns able to return fire. A stern rake tends to be more damaging than a bow rake because the shots are not deflected by the curved and strengthened bow.
Where was the 'Crossing the T' tactics used?
In naval warfare. When going into battle, armoured battleships of the late 19th to mid 20th century still used a battle line formation in which one vessel followed another. However, moving ahead of the enemy line on a perpendicular course (crossing the T) enabled to use both the forward and rear turrets, while the enemy could user only front turret.
The fleet of which country was defeated in the Battle of Lepanto?
Ottoman Empire. The Battle of Lepanto (7 October 1571) was a naval engagement between the allied Christian forces of the Holy League and the Ottoman Empire. It was the largest naval battle in Western history since classical antiquity, involving more than 400 warships. The victory of the Holy League marked the turning-point of Ottoman expansion into the Mediterranean, although the Ottoman wars in Europe would continue for another century.
What was the main target for chain shot type of ammunition?
Masts and sails. In the Age of Sail, the French in particular were adept at gunnery and often took the leeward position to enable their fleet to retire downwind while continuing to fire chain shot at long range to bring down the masts. Chain shot was normally not used as an anti-personnel load; this role was fulfilled more effectively by grapeshot.
Which battle is considered the greatest defeat of the famous 'Great Armada'?
Battle of Gravelines. The Spanish Armada was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from La Coruña in early summer 1588, with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England. During Battle of Gravelines the Spanish fleet was damaged and forced to abandon its plans.
Where did the battle for Guadalcanal take place, from which the US offensive began?
On the Solomon Islands. The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II. It was the first major offensive by Allied forces against the Empire of Japan.