Why in the past were European ships built with high wooden "castles" fore and aft?

to have better view
to manage the deck more easily
to improve ship defense
to improve ship stability
These were built to better resist boarding, commonly used in the naval warfare (especially by pirates). Boarders needed to attack these castles with great difficulty, while archers or harquebusiers could sweep the enemy decks.
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Answers by country

to have better view
to manage the deck more easily
to improve ship defense
to improve ship stability
answers
flagGreece
6%
6%
73%
13%
15
flagSouth Africa
0%
10%
70%
20%
10
flagRepublic of Ireland
18%
9%
63%
9%
11
flagGermany
12%
3%
60%
24%
33
flagthe Netherlands
8%
12%
54%
25%
24
flagCanada
10%
3%
51%
31%
29
flagNew Zealand
16%
3%
46%
33%
65
flagSweden
18%
0%
45%
36%
11
flagPoland
14%
10%
40%
32%
14805
flagthe United Kingdom
20%
7%
39%
31%
144
flagthe United States
16%
9%
35%
36%
423
flagIndia
9%
15%
33%
40%
100
flagAustralia
22%
7%
25%
40%
27
flagUnknown
12%
12%
25%
50%
16
flagthe Philippines
36%
0%
18%
45%
11