Why in the past were European ships built with high wooden "castles" fore and aft?

to have better view
to manage the deck more easily
to improve ship defense
to improve ship stability
These were built to better resist boarding, commonly used in the naval warfare (especially by pirates). Boarders needed to attack these castles with great difficulty, while archers or harquebusiers could sweep the enemy decks.
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Answers by country

to have better view
to manage the deck more easily
to improve ship defense
to improve ship stability
answers
flagGreece
0%
8%
75%
16%
12
flagSouth Africa
0%
10%
70%
20%
10
flagGermany
15%
0%
69%
15%
26
flagthe Netherlands
8%
13%
56%
21%
23
flagCanada
11%
3%
53%
26%
26
flagNew Zealand
17%
3%
47%
31%
63
flagSweden
18%
0%
45%
36%
11
flagPoland
14%
10%
40%
33%
14184
flagthe United Kingdom
19%
8%
39%
31%
126
flagthe United States
16%
9%
35%
36%
404
flagIndia
8%
13%
33%
41%
92
flagAustralia
21%
8%
26%
39%
23
flagUnknown
12%
12%
25%
50%
16
flagthe Philippines
40%
0%
10%
50%
10