Top 10 elements factsElements quiz
What makes depleted uranium a good material for making ammunition?
High density. Depleted uranium is 1.67 times as dense as lead, 84% as dense as osmium or iridium, which are the densest known substances under standard (i.e., Earth-surface) pressures. Consequently a depleted uranium projectile of given mass has a smaller diameter than an equivalent lead projectile, with less aerodynamic drag and deeper (armor-piercing) penetration due to a higher pressure at point of impact.
What was graphite believed to be a form of?
Lead. When large deposit of graphite was found in the 16th century in England, it was thought to be a form of lead. In many languages, the word for pencil literally means lead pen. (German Bleistift, Polish ołówek, Arabic قلم رصاص)
This is an iron buoy. Where were its atoms formed?
In a high-mass star preceding Sun. Radioactive nickel-56 (which decays to the most common isotope of iron) is the last element to be produced before the collapse of a supernova. That is why the iron was abundantly scattered into space after the supernova explosion.
How many hydrogen isotopes occur naturally on the Earth?
Three isotopes of hydrogen occur naturally on the Earth: the most frequent protium (1H), deuterium (2H) and tritium (3H). Other isotopes of hydrogen (4H-7H) were created in laboratories and are highly unstable.
How else are the biophilic elements called?
Nutrients. A nutrient is a component in foods that is used by an organism to survive and grow. Macronutrients are broken down and converted into the energy needed by an organism's metabolic system to function. Micronutrients provide the necessary cofactors for metabolism to be carried out; they are also used to build and repair tissues and regulate body processes.
Which of these metals is a precious metal?
Silver. A precious metal is a rare, naturally occurring metallic chemical element of high economic value. They are usually ductile and have a high lustre. Historically, precious metals were important as currency, but are now regarded mainly as investment and industrial commodities. Gold, silver, platinum, and palladium each have an ISO 4217 currency code.
What was the first chemical element to be artificially produced?
Technetium. Many of technetium's properties were predicted by Dmitri Mendeleev, who left a gap in his periodic table before the element was discovered. It was finally discovered by Emilio Segrè and Carlo Perrier in 1937 and named after the Greek word τεχνητός, meaning "artificial", since it was the first element to be artificially produced.
Which chemical elements did Maria Curie discover?
Radium and polonium. Marie Curie was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity (a term that she coined). Among her many achievements was the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium.