Top 10 food factsFood quiz
What was included in the original Pepsi-Cola recipe?
Digestive enzyme. Pepsi Cola, first introduced in 1898, was named after pepsin (enzyme) and kola (nuts). In 1931, the company entered bankruptcy and changed hands. The new owners changed the recipe to resemble more Coca-Cola.
What was the original color of the carrot grown in Europe?
Violet. Since the ancient times, a black carrot has been grown in Asia (var. Atropururea), which was also brought to Europe during the Middle Ages. Through seventeen centuries, almost all of the carrots that were grown were violet. The modern carrot, a result of mutation, was first grown in the Netherlands. As it was sweeter and bigger, it quickly replaced the violet variety.
Which sea animal captures have grown significally since 1970?
American lobster. In the 1990s several cod stocks collapsed due to overfishing. With the large predatory fish removed, their prey have undergone population explosions, and the capture of lobster has tripled since 1970.
Aside from cattle, which animal provides most milk used by humans?
Buffalo. Water buffaloes provide 11% of the world's milk, which is much more than goats (2%, third place). Buffalo's milk contains higher levels of total solids, crude protein, fat than cow milk; it gives therefore more cheese, butter and other dairy products. The top buffalo milk producers are India and Pakistan.
Which has more calories: table sugar or aspartame?
Pretty much the same. Aspartame produces 4 kilocalories of energy per gram when metabolized, sucrose (table sugar) produces 3.9 kilocalories. However, aspartame is approximately 200 times sweeter than sucrose, so it is consumed in much smaller doses.
Coconut water can be used as...
Blood plasma. The story of coconut water being similar to human blood plasma originated during World War II when British and Japanese patients were given coconut water intravenously in an emergency because saline was unavailable. Since then, this rehydration technique has been used only for short-term emergency situations in remote locations where plasma is not available.
Lactose intolerance is a frequent reason to avoid milk and dairy products. What is lactose?
A sugar. Lactose is a disaccharide sugar that makes up around 2-8% of milk. Lactose intolerance is not an allergy. It is the inability to digest lactose due to insufficient levels of lactase, the enzyme that metabolizes lactose into glucose and galactose.
What kind of lobster is red when fully grown up?
None. The normal coloration of lobster is dark bluish green to greenish brown, redder on the body and claws, and greener on the legs. An estimated one in 2 million lobsters are blue. All of them turn red after cooking.
What do the letters M in M&M's stand for?
Mars & Murrie. The letters M stand for M&M's creators: Forrest Mars, Sr. (the son of Chicago candy maker and Snickers bar creator Franklin Clarence Mars) and Bruce Murrie (the son of William Murrie, president of the Hershey Company). The idea for the candy was copied by Mars from British soldiers during the Spanish Civil War.