Top 10 genetics factsGenetics quiz
Is this a male, or a female cat?
A female. This kind of coat coloring, which combines two colors other than white (black and red in this case), is known as tortoiseshell, and it is found almost exclusively in female cats. This is because the X chromosome determines the color of the cat, and there are no color genes in Y chromosome. Thus, female cats with XX chromosomes may be three colored (including white), while male cats with XY chromosomes cannot. (with the exception of very rare XXY sterile males).
Which diseases are exceptionally common among Amishes?
Genetic disorders. Since almost all Amish descend from about 200 18th-century founders, genetic disorders that come out due to inbreeding increase the mortality rate among Amish children. In contrast, cancer rates are 56 percent of the national rate.
Who is more likely to be colorblind?
Men. It is much less likely for a woman to be red-green colorblind than a man, since this common type of color blindness is caused by a recessive gene in the X chromosome. For a woman, both of her X chromosomes would have to be affected. A man only has one X chromosome, so he is more likely to be color-blind.
Which cat breed is characterized by its lack of tail?
Manx. The Manx taillessness gene is dominant; kittens from two Manx parents are generally born without any tail. However, having two copies of the gene is lethal in utero, so breeders avoid breeding two entirely tailless Manx cats together. Typically, when bred with non-Manx cat, tail length is random throughout a litter of kittens.
Man has 46 chromosomes. How many chromosomes does kiwi plant have?
174. The cultivated kiwi fruit, Actinidia deliciosa, is a hexaploid species with a total number of 174 chromosomes. Many of cultivated plants are polyploids created by selective breeding, and are usually unable to interbreed with their diploid ancestors.
Which animals are the closest relatives to humans?
Chimpanzees and humans share a common ancestor about four to six million years ago. The genetic similarity is so high, that the two species of chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes and Pan paniscus, have been proposed to belong with H. sapiens in the genus Homo, rather than in Pan.
The characteristic appearance of a person from a photo is a symptom of ...
Progeria is an extremely rare genetic disorder in which symptoms resembling aspects of aging are manifested at a very early age. Those born with progeria typically live to their mid-teens to early twenties. It is a genetic condition that occurs as a new mutation, and is rarely inherited as carriers usually do not live to reproduce.
What can be measured in centimorgans?
The The distance between chromosome positions. In genetics, a centimorgan (abbreviated cM) is a unit for measuring genetic linkage. It is defined as the distance between chromosome positions for which the expected average number of intervening chromosomal crossovers in a single generation is 0.01. It is often used to infer distance along a chromosome. However, It is not a true physical distance.
According to the U.S. Supreme Court (2013), what cannot be patented?
Genes. The U.S. Supreme Court in 2013 held that human DNA was a "product of nature", a basic tool of scientific and technological work, thereby placing it beyond the domain of patent protection. It struck down patents held by Myriad Genetics Inc, a Utah company, on two genes linked to a higher risk of breast and ovarian cancer. The ruling represents a major shift in the law, overturning three decades of patent awards by the US government and could have a profound effect on the biotechnology and drug industry.