Top 10 religions factsReligions quiz
What does the word "Islam" literally mean?
Submission. Islam is the only major religion, along with Buddhism (if we consider the name of the religion to come from budh "to awake, know, perceive", and not the Buddha), whose name is not related to a person or ethnic group, but to the central idea of the religion.
This is Haile Selassie, former emperor of Ethiopia. Who is he claimed to be a descendant of?
King Solomon. The House of Solomon was the former Imperial House of Ethiopia. Its members claim lineal descent from Solomon of Israel and the Queen of Sheba, the latter of whom tradition asserts gave birth to Menelik I after her Biblically described visit to Solomon in Jerusalem. These claims of Solomonic descent make the Ethiopian royal house among the two oldest in the world (the other being the Imperial Dynasty of Japan)
In which European country does the most common surname come from the word for "priest"?
In Romania. Such an occupational surname could have been passed to following generations only in areas dominated by the Orthodox church, where priests are allowed to marry and have children. Popescu is the most common surname in Romania.
How Haile Selassie was known before his coronation as Emperor of Ethiopia in 1930?
Ras Tafari. Haile Selassie was born as Tafari Makonnen Woldemikael. As Governor of Harer, he became known as Ras Tafari Makonnen (Ras means Duke). Among the Rastafari movement, which began in Jamaica in 1930s, Haile Selassie is revered as the returned messiah of the Bible, God incarnate. Currently, the movement has between 200,000 and 800,000 followers worldwide.
Which diseases are exceptionally common among Amishes?
Genetic disorders. Since almost all Amish descend from about 200 18th-century founders, genetic disorders that come out due to inbreeding increase the mortality rate among Amish children. In contrast, cancer rates are 56 percent of the national rate.
What is written on the Saudi Arabia flag?
Declaration of belief. The shahada is the Muslim declaration of belief in the oneness of God and acceptance of Muhammad as God’s prophet. The declaration in its shortest form reads: There is no god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God.
Entrance to which holy city is prohibited for non-believers?
Mecca. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure. Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan and diverse cities in the Muslim world, although non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.
What are the holes in this Buddha statue for?
Windows. The Laykyun Setkyar in Myanmar is the second tallest statue in the world at 116 meters (381 ft), plus 13.5 m (44 ft) for the throne. All top three tallest statues in the world depict Buddha.
Why is Jerusalem a holy city for Muslims?
It is the site of Muhammad's ascension to heaven. In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city, after Mecca and Medina. In Islamic tradition in 610 CE it became the first Qibla, the focal point for Muslim prayer (later moved by Muhammad to Mecca), and Muhammad made his Night Journey there ten years later, ascending to heaven where he speaks to God, according to the Quran.
Which city is associated with cremated bodies lying on the banks of a river?
Varanasi. Hindus believe that bathing in the Ganges remits sins and that dying in Varanasi ensures release of a person's soul from the cycle of its transmigrations. Those who are lucky enough to die in Varanasi, are cremated on the banks of the Ganges, and are granted instant salvation. Thus, many Hindus arrive here for dying.