Top 10 history of France factsHistory of France quiz
The French Open tennis tournament is named after aviator Roland-Garros. What did he do?
He flew across the Mediterranean Sea. Roland Garros gained fame for making the flight from Fréjus in France to Bizerte in Tunisia. The following year, Garros joined the French army at the outbreak of World War I. Garros is sometimes erroneously called the world's first fighter ace. In fact, he shot down only four aircraft; the definition of "ace" is five or more victories.
In which city did Charlemagne, King of the Franks, reside?
Aachen (modern Germany). The geography of the Kingdom of Franks varied over time, but it was centered on the Rhine and Meuse rivers in northern Europe. Charlemagne himself probably spoke a Rhenish Franconian dialect of Old High German. Eventually, the singular use of the name Francia shifted towards the region of Paris.
Berlin Quadriga was once looted by invading army that captured Berlin. Where was it taken to?
Paris. After the 1806 Prussian defeat, Napoleon was the first to use the Brandenburg Gate for a triumphal procession and took the Quadriga to Paris. It was restored in 1814, after Napoleon's defeat and the Prussian occupation of Paris.
Which king claimed he was made of glass and could not be touched?
Charles VI of France. Charles VI, known as "Charles the Mad" ruled France in the midst of the Hundred Years' War. He suffered from periods of mental illness, which had been passed on for several generations through his mother, Joanna of Bourbon. During an episode in 1395–96 he claimed he was Saint George and did not know his wife or children. In 1405, he refused to bathe or change clothes for five months. The entrances of his residence were walled up to keep him inside.
Among which historic people, given names were mostly ending with "ix" sufix? (like Asterix and Obelix)
There were no such people. The "ix" ending alludes to the "rix" suffix present in the names of Gaulish chieftains such as Vercingetorix or Ambiorix. However, the meaning of "rix" was "king", so no such suffix was ever present among the names of common folk.
Of what descent was the Bonaparte house?
Italian. Napoleon Bonaparte was born as Napoleone di Buonaparte on the island of Corsica. He was derived from an Italian aristocratic family. His ancestor, Francesco Buonaparte, moved from Liguria to Corsica, which was at the time a part of the Republic of Genoa, in the 16th century.
In how many coffins was Napoléon Bonaparte buried?
6. In 1840 Napoléon Bonaparte was buried under the Dôme des Invalides- large church in Paris. The sarcophagus was put up on a green granite pedestal and contains a nest of six coffins: one made of soft iron, another of mahogany, two others of lead, one of ebony and finally the last one of oak.
What flag is that?
French. The current Tricolour flag of France has been adopted after the French Revolution. Before that, the royal government used many flags, the best known being a blue shield and yellow fleur-de-lis on a white background. The French flag with a white cross on a blue field is still seen on some flags derived from it, such as those of Quebec and Martinique.
The Battle of the Somme was the biggest battle of the First World War. How many casualties were there?
Around 1 000 000. The Battle of the Somme was fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire. More than three million men fought in this battle and one million men were wounded or killed, making it one of the bloodiest battles in human history.
Which battle does the French Foreign Legion celebrate each year?
The battle of Camarón (Mexico). On 30 April 1863 a small infantry patrol of French Foreign Legion, numbering 62 soldiers and three officers was attacked and besieged by a force that may have eventually reached 3,000 Mexican infantry and cavalry. They made a defensive stand at the nearby Hacienda Camarón, with a plan to occupy Mexican forces to prevent attacks against the nearby French supply convoy. Only two legionnaires survived, but they stopped Mexicans for the whole day and reached their goal.