Top 10 Romania factsEurope quiz
In which European country does the most common surname come from the word for "priest"?
In Romania. Such an occupational surname could have been passed to following generations only in areas dominated by the Orthodox church, where priests are allowed to marry and have children. Popescu is the most common surname in Romania.
Vlad III, Prince of Wallachia (1431–1476) known as Dracula, was posthumously dubbed Vlad the Impaler. Who were his victims?
Turks. For most of his life, Vlad fought the Ottomans, who considered Wallachia as part of their empire. According to (most likely exaggerated) popular story, in 1462 Mehmed II retreated with his army after being sickened by the sight of 20,000 impaled corpses outside the Vlad's capital of Târgoviște.
Which European capital was hit by a major earthquake in 1977?
Bucharest. At 21:22, on the evening of March 4, 1977, Bucharest was hit by an earthquake measuring a whopping 7.3 on the Richter scale. The city center suffered significant damage and many historic buildings were destroyed. The earthquake killed about 1,578 people in Romania (1,424 in Bucharest), and wounded more than 11,300.
This is the tallest rock relief in Europe. Whose face is it?
Decebalus, the last king of Dacia. The rock sculpture of Decebalus is a 42.9 m in height carving in rock on a rocky outcrop on the river Danube. It was commissioned by Romanian businessman Iosif Constantin Drăgan and it took 10 years, from 1994 to 2004, for twelve sculptors to finish it. The carving was placed opposite an ancient memorial plaque, known as the Tabula Traiana, which commemorates the final defeat of Decebalus by Trajan in 105.
Which language is a romance language (which descended from vulgar Latin)?
Romanian. The Roman Empire withdrew from Dacia in AD 271-5, leaving it to the Goths. The history of the language between the 3rd century and the 10th century, when the area came under the influence of the Byzantine Empire, is unknown.
Which European capital lies on the Dambovita river?
Bucharest. The Dâmbovița is a river in Romania, which passes through Bucharest. The city's folklore refers to the waters of the Dâmbovița as "sweet", "light and clean". However, toward the end of the 18th century, as the population of Bucharest increased, the river ceased to be so clean, hence the need of the aqueducts to bring clean water. The earliest aqueducts with public fountains were built during the rule of Prince Alexander Ypsilantis.
Where is Transylvania?
In Romania. Transylvania is often associated with vampires due to Bram Stoker's novel Dracula and its film adaptations. Some aspects of Count Dracula fictional character have been inspired by the 15th century prince Vlad III the Impaler.
The flag of which country is almost identical like the one of Romania?
Chad. The similarity with Chad's flag, which differs only in having a darker shade of blue (indigo rather than cobalt), has caused international discussion. In 2004, Chad asked the United Nations to examine the issue, but then-president of Romania Ion Iliescu announced no change would occur to the flag.
What was the name of the Roman province which existed on the area of modern Romania?
Dacia. In ancient geography, especially in Roman sources, Dacia was the land inhabited by the Dacians. The Greeks referred to them as the Getae and the Romans called them Daci.
Which of those countries doesn't border Romania?
Bosnia and Herzegovina. Romania borders five countries: Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, and Moldova.