Top 10 Mediterranean factsGeography quiz
Which part of Greece was never conquered by the Turks?
Corfu is the second largest of the Ionian Islands, west of Greek Peninsula. It was long controlled by Venice, which repulsed several Turkish sieges, before falling under British rule following the Napoleonic Wars. Corfu was eventually ceded by the British Empire and unified with the modern Greece in 1864.
Which European country other than Yugoslavia faced civil war after World War II?
Greece. The Greek Civil War, was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army—backed by the UK and US — and the communist Democratic Army of Greece, backed by Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Albania. It is estimated that 158,000 people were killed.
What is the only Semitic language serving as an official language of the European Union?
Maltese developed from Arabic in Sicily, and later in Malta, between the end of the ninth century and the end of the thirteenth century. Maltese is the only Semitic language written in the Latin script. Through the history, the Maltese language has been classified in various ways, with some claiming that the ancient Punic language (used in Carthage) was the base of the language, while others believed the language to be Berber, and under Fascist Italy, it was considered a dialect of Italian.
Which island is known as "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean"?
Stromboli. Mt Stromboli has been in almost one continuous eruption for the past 2000 years, which is the longest known in the world. The volcano explodes at intervals ranging from minutes to hours. This is known as Strombolian eruption type, also observed at other volcanoes worldwide.
Where is the famous Shipwreck Bay?
In Zakynthos. The beach is named after the shipwreck of MV Panagiotis, a smuggler's ship. It ran aground in 1980, probably while carrying contraband cigarettes and being chased by the Greek Navy. According to a popular story, locals raided the cargo, and for the following four years no 'official' tobacco products were bought on the island.
What is the dominant religion in Albania?
Islam. Albania had been the only European country with a Muslim majority until the breakup of Yugoslavia.
Which language is a romance language (which descended from vulgar Latin)?
Romanian. The Roman Empire withdrew from Dacia in AD 271-5, leaving it to the Goths. The history of the language between the 3rd century and the 10th century, when the area came under the influence of the Byzantine Empire, is unknown.
In which country lies the southernmost point of mainland Europe?
Spain. Punta de Tarifa, Spain is the southernmost point of the Iberian Peninsula and continental Europe. It is located in the province of Cádiz and the autonomous community of Andalusia on the Atlantic end of the Straits of Gibraltar. The coast of Morocco can be seen from this point.
What is the second largest island in the Mediterranean, after Sicily?
Sardinia is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and before Cyprus). It is located in the Western Mediterranean, to the immediate south of the French island of Corsica.