Top 10 World War II factsWorld War II quiz
On August 9, 1945, B-29 bomber Bockscar lifted off, carrying the nuclear weapon "Fat Man". Which city was it heading to?
Kokura. The crew was under orders to only bomb visually. When they got to Kokura they found the haze and smoke obscuring the city as well as the large ammunition arsenal that was the reason for targeting the city. They made three unsuccessful passes, and eventually headed for Nagasaki and its torpedo factory, the alternative target. In Japan, the phrase "Kokura luck" was coined to describe lucky avoidance of the great misfortune without being aware of it.
Which country continued production of Messerschmitt Bf 109G after the end of World War II?
Czechoslovakia. Avia S-99 and Avia S-199 were constructed with parts and plans left over from Luftwaffe aircraft production that had taken place under the country's German occupation during the war. Avia S-199 was the first fighter plane of Israeli Air Force, used during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War - where it met Spitfires on the Egyptian side.
Which luxury fashion house manufactured uniforms for SS using slave laborers?
Hugo Boss. In the 1930s, Hugo Boss advertising slogan was a "supplier for National Socialist uniforms since 1924". To meet demand in later years of the war, Boss used about 40 prisoners of war and about 150 forced laborers. In 1946, Hugo Boss was fined a heavy penalty as an activist and beneficiary of National Socialism but his business survived. In 1997, the company appeared in a list of Swiss dormant accounts.
The first rocket planes ever to be mass-produced were the Messerschmitt Me 163 in 1944. Which other country used rocket planes during WW2?
Japan. The MXY-7 Navy Suicide Attacker Ohka (pictured) was a manned flying bomb that was usually carried underneath a Mitsubishi G4M2e "Betty" Model 24J bomber to within range of its target; on release, the pilot would first glide towards the target and when close enough he would fire the Ohka's three solid-fuel rockets. The Japanese produced approximately 850 Ohkas, and seven US ships were damaged or sunk by them throughout the war.
How successful were the human torpedoes, developed by the Japanese during the WW2?
It was a disappointment. Kaitens had a very limited diving depth, which in turn limited the diving depth of the host submarine. This is one of several factors blamed for the very poor survival rate of submarines armed with kaitens: eight submarines being lost for the sinking of only two enemy ships and damaging several others.
These rusting sea forts were built near a certain capital city. Which one?
London. The Thames Estuary Army Forts were constructed in 1942 to a design by Guy Maunsell. Their purpose was to provide anti-aircraft fire within the Thames Estuary area. Each fort consisted of a group of seven towers with a walkway connecting them all to the central control tower.
Which country leader ended like that?
Benito Mussolini. Mussolini (second from left) was captured and executed near Lake Como by Italian partisans. His body was then taken to Milan and hung upside down at a petrol station, the same place that the fascists had displayed the bodies of fifteen Milanese civilians a year earlier after executing them in retaliation for resistance activity.
This photo of the totally destroyed city was taken in May 1945. Which city was that?
Manila. The one-month Battle of Manila was the scene of the worst urban fighting in the Pacific theater. It culminated in total devastation of the city and a bloodbath often compared to Stalingrad. Manila was listed as the second most devastated capital city of WW2, after Warsaw.
During World War II, the Norwegian resistance launched a series of sabotage actions against Hydroelectric plant in Vemor, Norway. Why?
To disrupt German nuclear project. In 1934, at Vemork, Norsk Hydro built the first commercial plant capable of producing heavy water as a byproduct of fertilizer production. In 1943, a team of British-trained Norwegian commandos succeeded in destroying the production facility with a second attempt, Operation Gunnerside. Operation Gunnerside was later evaluated as the most successful act of sabotage in all of World War II.
Which army used anti-tank dogs during the WW2?
Soviets. Anti-tank dogs were taught to carry explosives to tanks. The original idea was for a dog to release the bomb and return to the operator, but it was unsuccessful and replaced by an impact detonation procedure. The U.S. military trained anti-tank dogs in 1943 for use against fortifications, but never deployed them.