10 most difficult ancient history riddlesAncient history quiz
Who is the author of the "De Materia Medica", a 5-volume Greek encyclopedia about herbal medicine?
Hippocrates from Kos
Pedanius Dioscorides (40 – 90 AD) was a Greek physician, pharmacologist, botanist, and author of De Materia Medica - a 5-volume Greek encyclopedia about herbal medicine and related medicinal substances (a pharmacopeia), that was widely read for more than 1,500 years. He was employed as a physician in the Roman army.
Who built and lived in Teotihuacan, the most impressive pre-Columbian Mesoamerican city?
it is not known
The city is ancient - its largest pyramid, the Pyramid of the Sun, was completed by AD 100. It predates most known cultures of Mesoamerica. The origin of its founders is uncertain, and its original name is also unknown. It housed a population of about 150,000 people, making it one of the largest cities in the world at that time.
What is the oldest Greek oracle?
oracle of Asclepius
oracle of Delphi
oracle of Trophonios
oracle of Dodona
Dodona in Epirus in northwestern Greece was the oldest Hellenic oracle, possibly dating to the second millennium BCE according to Herodotus. The earliest accounts in Homer describe Dodona as an oracle of Zeus. Situated in a remote region away from the main Greek poleis, it was considered second only to the oracle of Delphi in prestige.
This is aleph, the first letter of the Phoenician alphabet, progenitor of Greek alpha and Latin A. What does it resemble?
It is unknown
Aleph derives from an Egyptian hieroglyph depicting an ox's head. Tilt your head to the right and you will see this. The Phoenician word aleph means ox.
What is the origin of the name of the Tyrrhenian Sea?
phrase "Terra Incognita"
name of Etruscans
phrase "Terra Romano"
The cities of Tyr
The Tyrrhenian Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy. It is named for the Tyrrhenian people, identified since the 6th century BCE with the Etruscans of Italy.
Wa is the oldest recorded name of which country?
Wa (倭, "Japan, Japanese", from Chinese 倭 Wō or Wa) is the oldest recorded name of Japan. The Chinese as well as Korean and Japanese scribes regularly wrote it in reference to Yamato (ancient Japanese nation) with the Chinese character 倭 until the 8th century, when the Japanese replaced it with 和 "harmony, peace, balance."
According to the Greek mythology, how many rivers were found in Hades?
In Greek mythology, Styx is a deity and a river that formed the boundary between Earth and the Underworld (the domain often called Hades, which also is the name of its ruler). There are five rivers in Hades: Styx, Phlegethon, Acheron, Lethe, and Cocytus. All these rivers converge at the center of the underworld on a great marsh, which sometimes, also is called the Styx.
Who was the ancient Egyptian goddess of wisdom, knowledge, and writing?
Seshat was seen as a scribe and record keeper, and is credited with inventing writing. She also became identified as the goddess of accounting, architecture, astronomy, astrology, building, mathematics, and surveying. These are all professions that relied upon expertise in her skills.
What originally symbolized the "Globus cruciger"?
dominion over the world
wisdom and justice of the ruler
yield and plenty of food
unity of the state
Holding the world in one's hand, or more ominously, under one's foot, has been used as a symbol since antiquity. To citizens of the Roman Empire, the globe held by the god Jupiter represented the world, as the dominion held by the emperor. With the growth of Christianity in the 5th century, the orb was topped with a cross (hence globus cruciger), symbolising the Christian God's dominion over the world.
Who, according to Herodotus, defeated and killed Cyrus the Great in 530 BC?
Artemisia I of Caria
Tomyris was a Massagetean ruler who reigned over the Massagetae, an Iranian people from Scythian pastoral-nomadic confederation of Central Asia east of the Caspian Sea. Tomyris led her armies to defend against an attack by Cyrus the Great of the Achaemenid Empire, and, according to Herodotus, defeated and killed him in 530 BC. The names of Tomyris, and her son Spargapises, who was the head of her army, are of Iranian origins.