10 most difficult Mediterranean Sea riddlesMediterranean Sea quiz
What is the second largest Greek island? (after Crete)
Euboea, with 3670 km2 (1417 sq.m.) is more than twice as large as the third largest island, Lesbos. Euboea is separated from mainland by just 40 m wide Euripus Strait. A bridge over the strait was first constructed in the twenty-first year of the Peloponnesian War (410 BC).
What is the origin of the name of the Tyrrhenian Sea?
phrase "Terra Incognita"
name of Etruscans
phrase "Terra Romano"
The cities of Tyr
The Tyrrhenian Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy. It is named for the Tyrrhenian people, identified since the 6th century BCE with the Etruscans of Italy.
Which part of Greece was never conquered by the Turks?
There was no such land
Corfu is the second largest of the Ionian Islands, west of Greek Peninsula. It was long controlled by Venice, which repulsed several Turkish sieges, before falling under British rule following the Napoleonic Wars. Corfu was eventually ceded by the British Empire and unified with the modern Greece in 1864.
Which of the following city-states was not one of the Italian maritime republics?
The maritime republics of the Mediterranean Basin were thalassocratic city-states which flourished in Italy and Dalmatia during the Middle Ages. The best known among the maritime republics are Venice, Genoa, Pisa, and Amalfi. The Kingdom of Naples was a state created as a result of the War of the Sicilian Vespers in 1302.
What is the only Semitic language serving as an official language of the European Union?
Maltese developed from Arabic in Sicily, and later in Malta, between the end of the ninth century and the end of the thirteenth century. Maltese is the only Semitic language written in the Latin script. Through the history, the Maltese language has been classified in various ways, with some claiming that the ancient Punic language (used in Carthage) was the base of the language, while others believed the language to be Berber, and under Fascist Italy, it was considered a dialect of Italian.
Which island is known as "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean"?
Mt Stromboli has been in almost one continuous eruption for the past 2000 years, which is the longest known in the world. The volcano explodes at intervals ranging from minutes to hours. This is known as Strombolian eruption type, also observed at other volcanoes worldwide.
In which country lies the southernmost point of mainland Europe?
Punta de Tarifa, Spain is the southernmost point of the Iberian Peninsula and continental Europe. It is located in the province of Cádiz and the autonomous community of Andalusia on the Atlantic end of the Straits of Gibraltar. The coast of Morocco can be seen from this point.
How long did the Republic of Venice exist?
only 17 years
over 1000 years
The Republic of Venice existed for over a millennium, from the late 7th century until 1797. That was one of the longest uninterrupted existence of a sovereign country in the history of Europe.
How often does the Stromboli volcano erupt?
every few minutes
every few weeks
every few years
every few decades
Strombolian eruptions are distinct bursts of fluid lava from the mouth of a magma-filled summit conduit. The explosions usually occur every few minutes at regular or irregular intervals. The explosions of lava, which can reach heights of hundreds of meters, are caused by the bursting of large bubbles of gas, which travel upward in the magma-filled conduit until they reach the open air.