10 most difficult ancient Rome riddlesAncient Rome quiz
Which of the following Roman numerals stands for 4?
Both IV and IIII
None of the above
Both notations are correct and historically Roman numerals were often written less consistently than today. The notation 'IIII' is often seen on clock faces. The reason for that may be practical, to avoid confusing the IV and VI when the clock is held upside down (although other theories also exist).
What is the origin of the name of the Tyrrhenian Sea?
phrase "Terra Incognita"
name of Etruscans
phrase "Terra Romano"
The cities of Tyr
The Tyrrhenian Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy. It is named for the Tyrrhenian people, identified since the 6th century BCE with the Etruscans of Italy.
Where is that ancient Roman theatre located?
The Roman Theatre of Orange, France was built in the early 1st century. It is one of the best preserved of all Roman theatres and is currently used as a festival site called Chorégies d'Orange. In 1981, UNESCO declared the theatre as a World Heritage Site.
What was the capital city of the Western Roman Empire after the AD 395 final division?
In 286 Diocletian moved the capital of the Western Roman Empire from Rome to Mediolanum. It was from Milan that the Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, granting tolerance to all religions within the Empire, thus paving the way for Christianity to become the dominant religion of the Empire. After the city was besieged by the Visigoths in 402, the imperial residence was moved to Ravenna.
Who wrote the Roman epic poem Annales?
Ennius was a writer and poet who lived during the Roman Republic. He is often considered the father of Roman poetry. Although only fragments of his works survive, his influence in Latin literature was significant, particularly in his use of Greek literary models. Annales is his most famous work, and the first epic poem that covered the early history of the Roman state.
The Vandals were the East Germanic tribe who sacked the city of Rome in 455. Where did the Vandal army come from to attack Rome?
the Iberian Peninsula
the Balkan Peninsula
Vandals founded their kingdom in North Africa after years of journey through Pannonia, Gaul and Hispania. Geiseric, king of the Vandals, led his powerful fleet to sack Rome.
What kind of stone was used for the construction of the Panthenon's dome in Rome?
The porous light stone was used in the concrete of the dome to reduce its weight. Scientists estimated that, if normal weight concrete had been used throughout, the stresses in the arch would have been some 80% greater. The same technique was for the ceilings of the Colosseum.
When did Julius Caesar use the words "Veni, vidi, vici"?
After a quick victory over the King of Pontus
After crossing Rubicon river
After entering to Egypt
After winning Gaul
In 47 p.n.e. King of Pontus Pharnaces II challenged Rome. Caesar led the flashy five-day campaign ended with a decisive victory at Zela. In a letter to the Senate, he summed it up "I came; I saw; I conquered".
Which Roman tradition did Septimius Severus break?
he got married to Vestal Virgin
there was a legion in Rome during his reign
he disassembled Senate
he didn't broke any tradition
Legio prima Parthica ("1st Parthian Legion") was founded in AD 197 by the Severus for his forthcoming war against Parthia. The legion's presence in the Middle East is recorded until the early 5th century.
Who wrote the set of biographies known as The Twelve Caesars?
Pliny the Elder
De vita Caesarum, commonly known as The Twelve Caesars, is a set of twelve biographies of Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of the Roman Empire. It was considered very significant in antiquity and remains a primary source on Roman history. The book discusses the significant and critical period of the Principate from the end of the Republic to the reign of Domitian.