10 most difficult antiquity riddlesAntiquity quiz
Where is that ancient Roman theatre located?
The Roman Theatre of Orange, France was built in the early 1st century. It is one of the best preserved of all Roman theatres and is currently used as a festival site called Chorégies d'Orange. In 1981, UNESCO declared the theatre as a World Heritage Site.
What is the Hero's engine?
A hot air balloon
An aeolipile (or aeolipyle, or eolipile), also known as a Hero's engine, is a simple bladeless radial steam turbine which spins when the central water container is heated. In the 1st century AD, Hero of Alexandria described the device in Roman Egypt, and many sources give him the credit for its invention.
Who wrote the Roman epic poem Annales?
Ennius was a writer and poet who lived during the Roman Republic. He is often considered the father of Roman poetry. Although only fragments of his works survive, his influence in Latin literature was significant, particularly in his use of Greek literary models. Annales is his most famous work, and the first epic poem that covered the early history of the Roman state.
Known maker of poisons in the Roman Empire of the first century was ...
Locusta was a notorious maker of poisons in the 1st-century Roman Empire, active in the final two reigns of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. She supposedly took part in the assassinations of Claudius and Britannicus. She was a favourite of emperor Nero for several years. Following Nero's death, Locusta was executed by his successor, Galba
Which ancient historian wrote the History of the Peloponnesian War?
As the title suggests, the work is a historical account of the Peloponnesian War. It was written by Thucydides, an Athenian historian who also happened to serve as an Athenian general during the war. His account of the conflict is widely considered to be a classic, and regarded as one of the earliest scholarly works of history.
On February 15, 399, Socrates was sentenced to death by drinking ...
Socrates was sentenced to death by giving him poison named Hemlock for asking philosophical questions. Consumption of Hemlock poison results in an ascending muscular paralysis with eventual paralysis of the respiratory muscles which results in death due to lack of oxygen to the heart and brain.
The author of the first dictionary in history is ...
Zenodota from Ephesus
Didymosa from Alexandria
Aristophanes from Byzantium
Aristarcha of Samothrace
Aristophanes of Byzantium was a Hellenistic Greek scholar, critic and grammarian, particularly renowned for his work in Homeric scholarship. Born in Byzantium about 257 BC, he soon moved to Alexandria. He succeeded Eratosthenes as head librarian of the Library of Alexandria at the age of sixty. As a lexicographer he compiled collections of archaic and unusual words.
What ancient philosopher is considered as the father of botany?
Pliny the Elder
Theophrastus is often considered the father of botany for his works on plants. The two of his most important books, Enquiry into Plants and On the Causes of Plants, constitute the most important contribution to botanical science during antiquity and the Middle Ages as well as the first systemization of the botanical world.
What area was called the "Magna Graecia" in antiquity?
Peloponnese with Sparta and Mycenae
Boeotia with Athens and Thebes
Thessaly with Larissa and Olympos
Southern Apennine Peninsula with Sicily
Magna Graecia ("Great Greece") was the name given by the Romans to the coastal areas of Southern Italy in the present-day regions of Campania, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria and Sicily that were extensively populated by Greek settlers.
Where was the Nebra sky disk discovered?
Discovered in 1999 and dated to c. 1600 BC, the Nebra sky disk has been associated with the Bronze Age Unetice culture. It is unlike any known artistic style from the period, and was initially suspected of being a forgery, but now is widely accepted as authentic. The disk features the oldest concrete depiction of the cosmos worldwide.