10 most difficult antiquity riddlesAntiquity quiz
Where is that ancient Roman theatre located?
The Roman Theatre of Orange, France was built in the early 1st century. It is one of the best preserved of all Roman theatres and is currently used as a festival site called Chorégies d'Orange. In 1981, UNESCO declared the theatre as a World Heritage Site.
Who wrote the Roman epic poem Annales?
Ennius was a writer and poet who lived during the Roman Republic. He is often considered the father of Roman poetry. Although only fragments of his works survive, his influence in Latin literature was significant, particularly in his use of Greek literary models. Annales is his most famous work, and the first epic poem that covered the early history of the Roman state.
On February 15, 399, Socrates was sentenced to death by drinking ...
Socrates was sentenced to death by giving him poison named Hemlock for asking philosophical questions. Consumption of Hemlock poison results in an ascending muscular paralysis with eventual paralysis of the respiratory muscles which results in death due to lack of oxygen to the heart and brain.
Known maker of poisons in the Roman Empire of the first century was ...
Locusta was a notorious maker of poisons in the 1st-century Roman Empire, active in the final two reigns of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. She supposedly took part in the assassinations of Claudius and Britannicus. She was a favourite of emperor Nero for several years. Following Nero's death, Locusta was executed by his successor, Galba
What is the Hero's engine?
A hot air balloon
An aeolipile (or aeolipyle, or eolipile), also known as a Hero's engine, is a simple bladeless radial steam turbine which spins when the central water container is heated. In the 1st century AD, Hero of Alexandria described the device in Roman Egypt, and many sources give him the credit for its invention.
Which ancient historian wrote the History of the Peloponnesian War?
As the title suggests, the work is a historical account of the Peloponnesian War. It was written by Thucydides, an Athenian historian who also happened to serve as an Athenian general during the war. His account of the conflict is widely considered to be a classic, and regarded as one of the earliest scholarly works of history.
The author of the first dictionary in history is ...
Zenodota from Ephesus
Didymosa from Alexandria
Aristophanes from Byzantium
Aristarcha of Samothrace
Aristophanes of Byzantium was a Hellenistic Greek scholar, critic and grammarian, particularly renowned for his work in Homeric scholarship. Born in Byzantium about 257 BC, he soon moved to Alexandria. He succeeded Eratosthenes as head librarian of the Library of Alexandria at the age of sixty. As a lexicographer he compiled collections of archaic and unusual words.
What is the Madaba Map?
the oldest map of the world
The Madaba Map is part of a floor mosaic in the early Byzantine church of Saint George in Madaba, Jordan. The Madaba Map is a map of the Middle East. Part of it contains the oldest surviving original cartographic depiction of the Holy Land and especially Jerusalem. It dates to the 6th century AD.
Who wrote "The Art of Poetry"?
Ars Poetica is a poem written by Horace c. 19 BC, in which he advises poets on the art of writing poetry and drama. The Ars Poetica has "exercised a great influence in later ages on European literature, notably on French drama" and has inspired poets and authors since it was written.
What did the Romans use rhyton for?
to drink wine
as an urn for ashes
as a water sprayer in a Roman bath
A rhyton is a roughly conical container from which fluids were intended to be drunk or to be poured in some ceremony such as libation, or merely at table. They are typically formed in the shape of an animal's head. Many have an opening at the bottom through which the liquid fell; others did not, and were merely used as drinking cups, with the characteristic that they could not usually be set down on a surface without spilling their contents.