10 most difficult blood riddlesMedicine quiz
What cells are responsible for the production of blood thrombocytes?
Thrombocytes are a component of blood whose function is to stop bleeding by clumping and clotting blood vessel injuries. Mammalian thrombocytes have no cell nucleus: they are fragments of cytoplasm that are derived from the megakaryocytes of the bone marrow, and then enter the circulation.
What chemical element gives the blood of a lobster and octopus a bluish tint?
Lobsters,octopus, snails, spiders and other creepy-crawlies have blood that uses copper for oxygen transport. This is called Hemocyanin. Oxygenation causes a color change between the colorless Cu deoxygenated form and the blue Cu oxygenated form. Vertebrates like humans , have iron based blood.
Which of the following hormones is secreted by the kidneys?
Erythropoietin is secreted by the kidney in response to cellular hypoxia, and stimulates red blood cell production in the bone marrow. The other three are secreted by the adrenal gland.
Which blood type is the least common?
AB is the rarest of all AB0 types, and Rh- is always less common than Rh+. In Western Europe, only 1% of the population has AB-. In the Eastern Asia Rh- is very rare: in Japan, only 0,05% of the population has AB-.
Which protein causes blood to clot?
In order to reduce the loss of blood and facilitate the recovery of the blood vessel at the site of the injury, a blood clot is formed. It is made up of platelets and dissolved plasma protein-fibrogen. By the substance released by the blood-thrombin plate, fibrogen changes into fibrin, which creates a dense network at the site of injury.
The Rh blood group system was discovered by Karl Landsteiner and Alexander S. Wiener. With whose blood were they experimenting?
Karl Landsteiner's sick daughter
Prisoners of Auschwitz
"Rh" stands for "Rhesus". Due to its relatively easy upkeep in captivity and anatomical closeness to humans, rhesuses have been used extensively in medical research.
In Greek mythology, what is the blood of gods called?
Ichor was the ethereal fluid that flowed in the veins of gods and immortals. It also ran through the single vein of Talos, a giant bronze man with wings, responsible for guarding Europa in Ancient Crete.
What is the shape do erythrocytes in human blood?
Oval convex discs
One-sided convex disc
Oval biconcave disks
In humans, mature red blood cells are flexible and oval biconcave discs. They lack a cell nucleus and most organelles, in order to accommodate maximum space for hemoglobin; they can be viewed as sacks of hemoglobin, with a plasma membrane as the sack. Approximately 2.4 million new erythrocytes are produced per second in human adults.
What color is octopus blood?
Both squids and octopuses have blue blood. They use an oxygen-carrying molecule in their blood called hemocyanin that contains copper. In cold conditions with low oxygen pressure, hemocyanin oxygen transportation is more efficient than haemoglobin oxygen transportation.