10 most difficult planets riddlesPlanets quiz
Which astronomer discovered the planet Neptune?
Johann Gottfried Galle
Karl Ludwig Hencke
Neptune was the first planet to be discovered by using mathematics. After the discovery of Uranus in 1781, astronomers noticed that the planet was being pulled slightly out of its normal orbit. John Adams of Britain, and Joseph Leverrier, of France, used mathematics to predict that the gravity from another planet beyond Uranus was affecting the orbit of Uranus. A young astronomer, Johann Gottfried Galle, decided to search for the predicted planet and observed Neptune for the first time in 1846.
Most of the planets of the Solar System were known in the antiquity. Which one was the first discovered in modern times with a telescope?
Jupiter and Saturn
Like the classical planets, Uranus is visible to the naked eye, but it was never recognised as a planet by ancient observers because of its dimness and slow orbit. Sir William Herschel announced its discovery on 13 March 1781, expanding the known boundaries of the Solar System for the first time in history and making Uranus the first planet discovered with a telescope.
The largest impact crater of the Solar System is:
Caloris Planitia is a plain within a large impact basin on Mercury, informally named Caloris, about 1,550 km in diameter. It is one of the largest impact basins in the Solar System. The crater, discovered in 1974, is surrounded by a ring of mountains approximately 2 km (1.2 mi) tall.
Where are the craters of Dostoyevsky, Chopin and Van Gogh?
There are no such craters
Discovered craters on Mercury are named after outstanding artists. In addition to the above, there are also craters on the Mercury map named after: A. Mickiewicz, L. van Beethoven, F. Goya and C. Monet.
This is the aurora of Jupiter. What are the visible bright spots caused by?
multiple magnetic poles of Jupiter
Jupiter's moons, especially Io (spot on the left), are powerful sources of auroras on Jupiter. These arise from electric currents along field lines, generated by a dynamo mechanism due to the relative motion between the rotating planet and the moving moon.
In astronomy, a moving line that divides the daylit side and the dark night side of a planetary body is called...
a circle of latitude
A terminator or twilight zone is a moving line that divides the daylit side and the dark night side of a planetary body. A terminator is defined as the locus of points on a planet or moon where the line through its parent star is tangent. An observer on the terminator of such an orbiting body with an atmosphere would experience twilight due to light scattering by particles in the gaseous layer.