10 most difficult astronomy riddlesAstronomy quiz
The speed to let the rocket enter the orbit is ...
vI = 7,91 km/s
vII = 11,19 km/s
vIII = 16,7 km/s
Depends on the weight of the rocket
And cosmic velocity - also referred to as the circular velocity, it is the speed that should be given to the body to enter into orbit around Earth. If a rocket launches from the surface of the earth, then it has to get at least 7.9 kilometers per second to get into orbit.
A star that pulsates radially, changing both diameter and temperature is called a ...
A Cepheid variable is a type of star that pulsates radially, varying in both diameter and temperature and producing changes in brightness with a well-defined stable period and amplitude. A strong direct relationship between a Cepheid variable's luminosity and pulsation period established Cepheids as important indicators of cosmic benchmarks for scaling galactic and extragalactic distances.
Which of Saturn's moons has such distinctive equatorial ridge?
The ridge is 13 km high, 20 km wide and 1300 km long. Its origin is not known, but considering the amount of craters, it's safe to assume that it is a very old geological feature.
What is the name of the hypothetical last stage of the evolution of Sun-sized stars?
A black dwarf is a theoretical stellar remnant, specifically a white dwarf that has cooled sufficiently that it no longer emits significant heat or light
In which layer of the atmosphere the aurora is created?
In the Troposphere
In the Stratosphere
In the mesosphere
In the Thermosphere
Auroras are produced when the magnetosphere is sufficiently disturbed by the solar wind that the trajectories of charged particles in both solar wind and magnetospheric plasma, mainly in the form of electrons and protons, precipitate them into the upper atmosphere (thermosphere/exosphere) due to Earth's magnetic field, where their energy is lost.
Which rover was the first to explore Mars?
Sojourner was the first Mars rover. It was much smaller than Curiosity, whose wheel is about the size of the whole Sojourner. It landed on July 4, 1997 as part of the Mars Pathfinder mission on Mars's Ares Vallis and remained in contact with Earth till September 27, 1997.
What is the second brightest star in the night time sky, after Sirius?
Canopus is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina, and the second brightest star in the night time sky, after Sirius. Its name is generally considered to originate from the mythological Canopus, who was a navigator for Menelaus, king of Sparta.
What type of nebula is the Horsehead Nebula?
Dark nebulae are clouds of dust which are simply blocking the light from whatever is behind. They are physically very similar to reflection nebulae; they look different only because of the geometry of the light source, the cloud and the Earth. Dark nebulae are also often seen in conjunction with reflection and emission nebulae. A typical diffuse nebula is a few hundred light-years across. (NGC 2264 shown; see also the Horsehead Nebula)
Which of the following cosmic structures is the largest?
Galaxy filaments are the largest known structures in the universe. They group galaxy superclusters, which in turn are formed by cluster composed of galaxies. Hercules–Corona Borealis Great Wall is considered the largest known structure of Universe. It is estimated to span 10 billions light years.