10 most difficult elements riddlesElements quiz
This is an iron buoy. Where were its atoms formed?
in a high-mass star preceding Sun
in the Sun
in the Earth's core
in the Earth's crust
Radioactive nickel-56 (which decays to the most common isotope of iron) is the last element to be produced before the collapse of a supernova. That is why the iron was abundantly scattered into space after the supernova explosion.
How else are the biophilic elements called?
A nutrient is a component in foods that is used by an organism to survive and grow. Macronutrients are broken down and converted into the energy needed by an organism's metabolic system to function. Micronutrients provide the necessary cofactors for metabolism to be carried out; they are also used to build and repair tissues and regulate body processes.
The etymology of word bismuth comes from...
Bismuth metal has been known since ancient times, although it was often confused with lead and tin, which share some physical properties. The etymology is uncertain, but possibly comes from Arabic bi ismid, meaning having the properties of antimony or the German words weiße Masse or Wismuth ("white mass"), translated in the mid-sixteenth century to New Latin bisemutum.
What makes depleted uranium a good material for making ammunition?
Depleted uranium is 1.67 times as dense as lead, 84% as dense as osmium or iridium, which are the densest known substances under standard (i.e., Earth-surface) pressures. Consequently a depleted uranium projectile of given mass has a smaller diameter than an equivalent lead projectile, with less aerodynamic drag and deeper (armor-piercing) penetration due to a higher pressure at point of impact.
What was the first chemical element to be artificially produced?
Many of technetium's properties were predicted by Dmitri Mendeleev, who left a gap in his periodic table before the element was discovered. It was finally discovered by Emilio Segrè and Carlo Perrier in 1937 and named after the Greek word τεχνητός, meaning "artificial", since it was the first element to be artificially produced.
What element is named after the latin word for rainbow?
Iridium was discovered in 1803 among insoluble impurities in natural platinum. Smithson Tennant, the primary discoverer, named iridium for the Greek goddess Iris, personification of the rainbow, because of the striking and diverse colors of its salts. Iridium is one of the rarest elements in Earth's crust, with annual production and consumption of only three tonnes.
How many hydrogen isotopes occur naturally on the Earth?
Three isotopes of hydrogen occur naturally on the Earth: the most frequent protium (1H), deuterium (2H) and tritium (3H). Other isotopes of hydrogen (4H-7H) were created in laboratories and are highly unstable.
What was graphite believed to be a form of?
When large deposit of graphite was found in the 16th century in England, it was thought to be a form of lead. In many languages, the word for pencil literally means lead pen. (German Bleistift, Polish ołówek, Arabic قلم رصاص)