10 most difficult physics riddlesPhysics quiz
The speed to let the rocket enter the orbit is ...
vI = 7,91 km/s
vII = 11,19 km/s
vIII = 16,7 km/s
Depends on the weight of the rocket
And cosmic velocity - also referred to as the circular velocity, it is the speed that should be given to the body to enter into orbit around Earth. If a rocket launches from the surface of the earth, then it has to get at least 7.9 kilometers per second to get into orbit.
What does synthesis gas (water gas) consist of?
oxygen (O2) and hydrogen (H2)
methane (CH4) and water (H2O)
carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2)
carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2)
Water gas is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen produced from synthesis gas. Synthesis gas is a useful product, but requires careful handling due to its flammability and the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning. The water-gas shift reaction can be used to reduce the carbon monoxide while producing additional hydrogen, resulting in water gas.
In which layer of the atmosphere the aurora is created?
In the Troposphere
In the Stratosphere
In the mesosphere
In the Thermosphere
Auroras are produced when the magnetosphere is sufficiently disturbed by the solar wind that the trajectories of charged particles in both solar wind and magnetospheric plasma, mainly in the form of electrons and protons, precipitate them into the upper atmosphere (thermosphere/exosphere) due to Earth's magnetic field, where their energy is lost.
Which type of transmission uses the shortest waves?
The Ku band is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the microwave range of frequencies from 12 to 18 gigahertz (GHz). Ku band is primarily used for satellite communications, most notably for fixed and broadcast services, and for specific applications such as NASA's Tracking Data Relay Satellite used for both space shuttle and International Space Station
Who carried out the first nuclear fission reaction in 1938?
Nuclear fission of heavy elements was discovered on December 17, 1938 by German Otto Hahn and his assistant Fritz Strassmann, and explained theoretically in January 1939 by Lise Meitner and her nephew Otto Robert Frisch
Where does water boil at the temperature 37 °C (98.6 °F)?
in a microwave oven
at the Armstrong's line
at the Kármán line
on Mount Everest
The Armstrong limit or Armstrong's line is a measure of altitude above which atmospheric pressure is sufficiently low that water boils at the normal temperature of the human body. Humans absolutely cannot survive above this limit in an unpressurized environment. Above Earth, this begins at 18–19 km (11–12 mi; 59,000–62,000 ft) above sea level. The term is named after United States Air Force General Harry George Armstrong, who was the first to recognize this phenomenon
This is an iron buoy. Where were its atoms formed?
in a high-mass star preceding Sun
in the Sun
in the Earth's core
in the Earth's crust
Radioactive nickel-56 (which decays to the most common isotope of iron) is the last element to be produced before the collapse of a supernova. That is why the iron was abundantly scattered into space after the supernova explosion.
What is the fifth state of matter?
In 1924, Two scientist Albert Einstein and Satyendranath Bose predicted the BEC ( Bose-Einstein Condensate) which is referred as the fifth state of matter. BEC is a state of matter of dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero.
What is the name of the most radioactive isotope on the planet?
210Po is extremely toxic, with one microgram being enough to kill the average adult (250,000 times more toxic than hydrogen cyanide by weight). 210Po was used to kill Russian dissident and ex-FSB officer Alexander V. Litvinenko in 2006.
Who is the youngest ever Nobel Prize laureate in Physics?
Sir William Lawrence Bragg was an Australian-born British physicist and X-ray crystallographer, discoverer of Bragg's law of X-ray diffraction, which is basic for the determination of crystal structure. Bragg was, until October 2014, the youngest ever Nobel laureate; he won the prize in 1915 at the age of 25. He remains the youngest recipient of the Physics Prize.