10 most difficult physics riddlesPhysics quiz
The speed to let the rocket enter the orbit is ...
vI = 7,91 km/s
vII = 11,19 km/s
vIII = 16,7 km/s
Depends on the weight of the rocket
And cosmic velocity - also referred to as the circular velocity, it is the speed that should be given to the body to enter into orbit around Earth. If a rocket launches from the surface of the earth, then it has to get at least 7.9 kilometers per second to get into orbit.
What does synthesis gas (water gas) consist of?
oxygen (O2) and hydrogen (H2)
methane (CH4) and water (H2O)
carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2)
carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2)
Water gas is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen produced from synthesis gas. Synthesis gas is a useful product, but requires careful handling due to its flammability and the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning. The water-gas shift reaction can be used to reduce the carbon monoxide while producing additional hydrogen, resulting in water gas.
Which type of transmission uses the shortest waves?
The Ku band is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the microwave range of frequencies from 12 to 18 gigahertz (GHz). Ku band is primarily used for satellite communications, most notably for fixed and broadcast services, and for specific applications such as NASA's Tracking Data Relay Satellite used for both space shuttle and International Space Station
What is the name of the most radioactive isotope on the planet?
210Po is extremely toxic, with one microgram being enough to kill the average adult (250,000 times more toxic than hydrogen cyanide by weight). 210Po was used to kill Russian dissident and ex-FSB officer Alexander V. Litvinenko in 2006.
In which layer of the atmosphere the aurora is created?
In the Troposphere
In the Stratosphere
In the mesosphere
In the Thermosphere
Auroras are produced when the magnetosphere is sufficiently disturbed by the solar wind that the trajectories of charged particles in both solar wind and magnetospheric plasma, mainly in the form of electrons and protons, precipitate them into the upper atmosphere (thermosphere/exosphere) due to Earth's magnetic field, where their energy is lost.
What is the phenomenon occurring at the rainbow?
reflection, refraction and dispersion
diffraction and refraction
A rainbow is a meteorological phenomenon that is caused by reflection, refraction and dispersion of light in water droplets resulting in a spectrum of light appearing in the sky. It takes the form of a multicoloured circular arc. Rainbows caused by sunlight always appear in the section of sky directly opposite the sun.
What is the name of the wind measuring device?
An anemometer is a device used for measuring the speed of wind, and is also a common weather station instrument. The term is derived from the Greek word anemos, which means wind, and is used to describe any wind speed measurement instrument used in meteorology.
The Pauli exclusion principle describes the behavior of all..?
The Pauli exclusion principle is the quantum mechanical principle which states that two or more identical fermions (particles with half-integer spin) cannot occupy the same quantum state within a quantum system simultaneously. The Pauli exclusion principle describes the behavior of all fermions (particles with "half-integer spin"), while bosons (particles with "integer spin") are subject to other principles. Fermions include elementary particles such as quarks, electrons and neutrinos.
What is the fifth state of matter?
In 1924, Two scientist Albert Einstein and Satyendranath Bose predicted the BEC ( Bose-Einstein Condensate) which is referred as the fifth state of matter. BEC is a state of matter of dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero.
The idea that the nascent universe passes through the phase of exponential expansion, which was driven by the positive density of vacuum energy, is called;
Grand unification theory
Theory of Supersymmetry
All answers are correct.
Alan Guth formally proposed the idea of cosmic inflation in 1981, the idea that the nascent universe passed through a phase of exponential expansion that was driven by a positive vacuum energy density (negative vacuum pressure).