The most difficult atmosphere riddlesNature quiz
In which layer of the atmosphere the aurora is created?
In the Troposphere
In the Stratosphere
In the mesosphere
In the Thermosphere
Auroras are produced when the magnetosphere is sufficiently disturbed by the solar wind that the trajectories of charged particles in both solar wind and magnetospheric plasma, mainly in the form of electrons and protons, precipitate them into the upper atmosphere (thermosphere/exosphere) due to Earth's magnetic field, where their energy is lost.
What is the third by volume, after nitrogen and oxygen, component of dry air?
Argon makes up 0.934% of the earth's atmosphere. It is more than twice as abundant as water vapor and 23 times as abundant as carbon dioxide.
The bright circle around the Sun seen in the picture is known as a halo. What causes it?
refraction of light in ice crystals
refraction in the lens of the eye or lens
refraction of light in water drops
reflections from the water surface
Halo is the name for a family of optical phenomena produced by light interacting with ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere. Halos can have many forms, ranging from colored or white rings to arcs and spots in the sky. Among the best known halo types are the circular halo (properly called the 22° halo), Other common optical phenomena involving water droplets rather than ice crystals include the glory and the rainbow.
What is the name of this cloud?
Arcus clouds most frequently form along the leading edge or "gust fronts" of thunderstorm outflow; some of the most dramatic arcus formations mark the gust fronts of derecho-producing convective systems. Roll clouds also may arise in the absence of thunderstorms, forming along the shallow cold air currents of some sea breeze boundaries and cold fronts.
What is St. Elmo's Fire?
form of plasma.
St. Elmo's fire is a form of plasma. The electric field around the object in question causes ionization of the air molecules, producing a faint glow easily visible in low-light conditions. Conditions that can generate St. Elmo's fire are present during thunderstorms, when high voltage differentials are present between clouds and the ground underneath. The nitrogen and oxygen in the Earth's atmosphere cause St. Elmo's fire to fluoresce with blue or violet light; this is similar to the mechanism that causes neon lights to glow
This is a rare phenomenon called iridescent clouds. It occurs in the clouds with ...
small droplets or ice crystals
The effect is similar to irisation. Iridescent clouds are a diffraction phenomenon caused by small water droplets or small ice crystals individually scattering light. Larger ice crystals do not produce iridescence, but can cause halos, a different phenomenon.
Why is the ozone hole dangerous?
it speeds up the global warming
it increases UV radiation
it depletes the oxygen (O2)
it disturbs Earth's magnetic field
In the ozone layer, ozone molecules absorb UV-B and UV-C radiation - short wavelength forms of ultraviolet that can disrupt organic molecules, producing cancerous changes in living cells.