10 most difficult stars riddlesStars quiz
What type of nebula is the Horsehead Nebula?
Dark nebulae are clouds of dust which are simply blocking the light from whatever is behind. They are physically very similar to reflection nebulae; they look different only because of the geometry of the light source, the cloud and the Earth. Dark nebulae are also often seen in conjunction with reflection and emission nebulae. A typical diffuse nebula is a few hundred light-years across. (NGC 2264 shown; see also the Horsehead Nebula)
What is the name of the hypothetical last stage of the evolution of Sun-sized stars?
A black dwarf is a theoretical stellar remnant, specifically a white dwarf that has cooled sufficiently that it no longer emits significant heat or light
What is the second brightest star in the night time sky, after Sirius?
Canopus is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina, and the second brightest star in the night time sky, after Sirius. Its name is generally considered to originate from the mythological Canopus, who was a navigator for Menelaus, king of Sparta.
What is the brightest star in the zodiacal constellation of Cancer?
Beta Cancri, also named Tarf is the brightest star in the zodiacal constellation of Cancer. It has an apparent visual magnitude of +3.5 and an absolute magnitude of −1.2. Based on parallax measurements obtained during the Hipparcos mission, it is approximately 290 light-years distant from the Sun.
This unique line of about 20 stars is known as ...
It was named by in honour of Father Lucian Kemble (1922–1999), a Franciscan friar and amateur astronomer who wrote a letter to Houston about the asterism, describing it as "a beautiful cascade of faint stars tumbling from the northwest down to the open cluster NGC 1502" that he had discovered while sweeping the sky with a pair of 7×35 binoculars
What is the largest discovered star? (by radius)
VY Canis Majoris
UY Scuti is a bright red supergiant and pulsating variable star in the constellation Scutum. It is currently the largest known star by radius and is also one of the most luminous of its kind. It has an estimated radius of 1,708 solar radii (1.188×109 kilometres; 7.94 astronomical units); thus a volume nearly 5 billion times that of the Sun. It is approximately 2.9 kiloparsecs (9,500 light-years) from Earth. If placed at the center of the Solar System, its photosphere would at least engulf the orbit of Jupiter.
What is a "blue straggler" in astronomy?
Blue straggler stars are stars in open or globular clusters that are hotter and bluer than other cluster stars having the same luminosity, they rapidly rotate at a rate of 75 times that of the Sun's rotation. Blue stragglers were first discovered by Allan Sandage in 1953 while performing photometry of the stars in the globular cluster M3.
What astronomical object emerges sometimes from supernova instead of a black hole?
only a black hole can emerge from supernova
A magnetar is a type of neutron star with an extremely powerful magnetic field. The magnetic field decay powers the emission of high-energy electromagnetic radiation, particularly X-rays and gamma rays. As of March 2016, only 23 magnetars are known, with six more candidates awaiting confirmation.
The brightest star in the constellation of Virgo is ...
Spica is the brightest star in the constellation of Virgo and the 16th brightest star in the night sky. Analysis of its parallax shows that it is located 250 ± 10 light years from the Sun. Spica, along with Denebola or Regulus depending on the source and Arcturus, is part of the Spring Triangle asterism, and by extension.
How old was Kathryn Gray when she Supernova SN 2010lt discovered?
SN 2010lt is a supernova located in the galaxy UGC 3378 in Camelopardalis. It was discovered by amateur astronomers Kathryn Gray, her father Paul Gray, of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada and David J. Lane of Stillwater Lake, Nova Scotia, Canada. Upon discovery, Kathryn Aurora Gray became the youngest person to ever discover a supernova, being 10 years old when she did so. The previous record was held by the 14-year-old Caroline Moore.