10 most difficult South America riddlesSouth America quiz
Which city was the first capital of Brazil?
Rio de Janeiro
With 2.9 million people (2017), it is the largest city proper in the Northeast Region and the 4th-largest city proper in the country, after São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Brasília. Founded by the Portuguese in 1549 as the first capital of Brazil, Salvador is one of the oldest colonial cities in the Americas.
On the Coat of arms of Peru there is not...
the cinchona tree
the horn of plenty
a palm branch and laurel
The coat of arms (Escudo de Armas) has a palm branch on its left and an laurel one on its right. All four share the same escutcheon or shield, consisting of three elements: the top left section shows the vicuña, the national animal representing the fauna of Peru; the tree in the top right section is the cinchona tree representing the national flora; and the bottom cornucopia with coins spilling from it represents the mineral resources of the country.
The Pacific War took place in the South America in the years 1879 to 1883. Which territory was the conflict zone?
In the 19th century, there were no clear borders defined between Peru, Bolivia and Chile in the area of the Atacama desert. This became a problem with the discovery of valuable sodium nitrate deposits in the area.
Which country won the most cups in the Copa América's history?
Uruguay has the most championships in the tournament's history, with 15 cups. Next are Argentina (14); Brazil (8); Chile, Paraguay, and Peru (2 cups each).
What is contained in the 13th century Paris Codex?
description of Chinese medicine
census of rulers of ancient Egypt
divination and ceremonies in Galicia
description of Mayan religious rituals
The Paris Codex is devoted almost entirely to Mayan ritual and ceremony and is one of three surviving generally accepted pre-Columbian Maya books dating to the Period of Mesoamerican chronology (c. 900–1521 AD). The codex largely relates to a cycle of thirteen 20-year k'atuns and includes details of Maya astronomical signs.
Who was the first known European to battle the Incas?
Fransciso de Orellana
Diego de Almagro
Aleixo Garcia was the first European to cross the Chaco and even managed to penetrate the outer defenses of the Inca Empire on the hills of the Andes, in present-day Bolivia. He was the first European to do so, accomplishing this eight years before Francisco Pizarro.
Which direction are Easter Island moai facing?
There is only one ahu (group of statues), Ahu Akivi, with moai facing the ocean. It is unusual also by being one of the few inland ahus. At all other ahus (including all coastal ones) moai face inland.
What are the descendants of Indians, white, black and yellow ancestors?
Pardo is a term used in the Portuguese and Spanish colonies in the Americas to refer to the multiracial descendants of Europeans, Indigenous Americans, South Asians, and West Africans. The term "pardo" is more commonly used to refer to mixed-race Brazilians, individuals with varied racial ancestries.
What is the population of Lima?
approx. 350 000
approx. 800 000
approx. 2 million
over 7 million
Lima is one of the largest and the oldest colonial city in the Americas. It was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535. The National University of San Marcos, founded on May 12, 1551, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.
What is the currency of Ecuador?
Just like Panama and El Salvador, the official currency of Ecuador is the U.S. Dollar. The switch from Sucre to USD in 2000 helped the country to achieve economic stability. Ecuador also issues centavo coins (but no banknotes), identical in size and value to their U.S. cent counterparts.