The most difficult toxins riddlesChemistry quiz
Methanol (wood alcohol) is highly poisonous. Comparing to ethanol, is it more or less sedative?
that depends on the temperature
Methanol has a much weaker sedative effect than ethanol, which leads the victim to drink more than it would normally do with ethanol. Methanol is oxidized to formaldehyde and then to the poisonous formic acid in the liver.
What substance has the lowest value of LD50 (median lethal dose)?
The value of LD50 for a substance is the dose required to kill half the members of a tested population after a specified test duration. Botox is the most acutely lethal toxin known, with an estimated human LD50 of 1.3–2.1 ng/kg intravenously or intramuscularly and 10–13 ng/kg when inhaled.
Which alcohol causes blindness when consumed?
An effective treatment to prevent toxicity after methanol or ethylene glycol ingestion is to administer ethanol. Alcohol dehydrogenase has a higher affinity for ethanol, thus preventing methanol from binding and acting as a substrate. Any remaining methanol will then have time to be excreted through the kidneys.