Volcanoes questions This is a list of recently added questions about volcanoes. Play volcanoes quiz and see all the questions. Which country had its capital completely destroyed by volcano eruption?Montserrat. On 18 July 1995, the previously dormant Soufrière Hills volcano, in the southern part of the island, became active. Eruptions destroyed Montserrat's Georgian era capital city of Plymouth. Between 1995 and 2000, two-thirds of the island's population was forced to flee, primarily to the United Kingdom, leaving fewer than 1,200 people on the island as of 1997 (rising to nearly 5,000 by 2016)Created by: Tschuka very hard 28% MontserratMontserrat503Saint LuciaSaint Lucia557ItalyItaly338MaltaMalta339disasters riddles » Visiting Antarctica, we will not be able to see:The most oxygenated lake in the world. In Antarctica we can find both the Erebus high volcano at nearly 4 km, the Don Juan pond with salinity 44.2%, and the desert of the McMurdo Valleys. Lake Vostok with an oxygen content 5 times more than the average, however, is hidden under a 4 km layer of glacier.Created by: Tschuka very hard 32% the saltiest lake in the worldthe saltiest lake in the world554the most oxygenated lake in the worldthe most oxygenated lake in the world585a stony deserta stony desert298a volcanoa volcano385Antarctica riddles » This is Hella, a volcano in Iceland. How was it called by Europeans in the Middle Ages?Gateway to Hell. After the eruption of 1104 stories, probably spread deliberately through Europe by Cistercian monks, told that Hekla was the gateway to Hell. The belief that Hekla was the gate to Hell persisted until the 1800s. Apparently, Jules Verne was inspired by the story. In his "Journey to the Center of the Earth", a path downwards is found inside other Icelandic volcano, Snæfellsjökull.Created by: globalquiz.orgaverage 65% Gateway to HeavenGateway to Heaven1928Gateway to HellGateway to Hell8914Gateway to IcelandGateway to Iceland635Gateway to the NorthGateway to the North2197geography of Scandinavia riddles » This double peaked volcano is the highest mountain of a certain country. Which one?Russia. Two characteristic peaks of Mt Elbrus have two volcano craters. The eastern peak has an enormous crater 250m in diameter. Created by: MarcusXhard 48% IndonesiaIndonesia3943RussiaRussia11250ArgentinaArgentina4859AustriaAustria2945geography of Russia riddles » Which of these mountains is a volcano?Mt Elbrus. Elbrus is the highest volcano of the northern hemisphere. Elbrus is often considered an active volcano (depending on the definition of an active volcano). Its most recent lava flows were erupted around 50 AD.Created by: globalquiz.orgeasy 70% Mt KosciuszkoMt Kosciuszko2133Mt ElbrusMt Elbrus16500Mont BlancMont Blanc1364Mt McKinleyMt McKinley3414alpinism riddles » Olympus Mons is the largest known volcano. Where is it?On Mars. Olympus Mons (Latin for Mount Olympus) is a large shield volcano on the planet Mars, having a height of nearly 22 km (14 mi). Being a shield volcano, it has a very low profile. The average slope on the volcano's flanks is only 5°. Because of that, an observer standing on the Martian surface would be unable to view the entire profile of the volcano, even from a great distance.Created by: Trương Ngọc Hùngaverage 62% in Australiain Australia1218in Indonesiain Indonesia2755in Antarcticain Antarctica4168on Marson Mars13634Mars riddles » Which continent has the least active volcanoes?Australia. There are no active volcanoes on the Australian mainland that have erupted since European settlement, however some volcanoes in Victoria and South Australia are likely to have been active and witnessed by Aboriginal people several thousand years ago.Created by: globalquiz.orgaverage 60% EuropeEurope4605North AmericaNorth America2008AfricaAfrica3815AustraliaAustralia16116natural disasters riddles » What is the typical source of pressure buildup inside a volcano?Degassing of magma. The whole process begins when hot magma is lifted by convection to the magma chamber. As the pressure in the chamber is lower than deep in Earth's crust, the gas starts to release. Since degassed magma has lower density, it may then sink and be replaced with new one. This process may build up huge pressure of gases, eventually causing explosion.Created by: Sumit Tamanghard 40% centrifugal force of Earth rotationcentrifugal force of Earth rotation2407magma convectionmagma convection4317boiling of rainwaterboiling of rainwater378degassing of magmadegassing of magma4901geology riddles » Which volcano is known as being one of the most active, but at the same one of the least violent in the world?Kīlauea, Hawaii. Kīlauea is one of the most active volcanoes on the planet and an invaluable resource for volcanologists who are able to study it up close due to its exclusively non-violent effusive activity. Kīlauea lacks a distinct peak and lies close to Mauna Loa.Created by: globalquiz.orgvery hard 37% Mt Etna, ItalyMt Etna, Italy2524Kīlauea, HawaiiKīlauea, Hawaii4416Eyjafjallajökull, IcelandEyjafjallajökull, Iceland3805Mt Pinatubo, PhilippinesMt Pinatubo, Philippines896Hawaii riddles » In which major European city there is a volcano that may soon erupt?In Naples. Lying mostly underwater, Campi Flegrei comprises 24 craters. It is one of the largest volcanoes in the world, capable of producing VEI 7 (super-colossal) eruptions. Its most recent eruption of 1538 created a new hill, Monte Nuovo.Created by: Hitter smasheraverage 69% in Portoin Porto1158in Heraklionin Heraklion3420in Naplesin Naples24284in Palermoin Palermo5881geography of Italy riddles » Play geography quiz and see all the questions.